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Construction of the first stage of the Pierre Auger Observatory has begun. The aim of the Observatory is to collect unprecedented information about cosmic rays above 10 18 eV: The first phase of the project, the construction and operation of a prototype system, known as the engineering array, has now been completed. It has allowed all of the subsystems that(More)
In this study we investigated the potential impact of climate change in Portugal on heat-related mortality, air pollution-related health effects, and selected vectorborne diseases. The assessment used climate scenarios from two regional climate models for a range of future time periods. The annual heat-related death rates in Lisbon may increase from between(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence that elevated temperatures can lead to increased mortality is well documented, with population vulnerability being location specific. However, very few studies have been conducted that assess the effects of temperature on daily mortality in urban areas in Portugal. METHODS In this paper time-series analysis was used to model the(More)
BACKGROUND The Mediterranean region is particularly vulnerable to the effect of summer temperature.Within the CIRCE project this time-series study aims to quantify for the first time the effect of summer temperature in Eastern-Southern Mediterranean cities and compared it with European cities around the Mediterranean basin, evaluating city characteristics(More)
We discuss the physics goals and rationale for a detector to study Beauty and Charm decays in the forward direction at the Fermilab Tevatron. We then describe the BTeV detector which has been designed to achieve these goals and present its physics reach based on extensive simulation. We conclude by comparing BTeV to other experiments designed to explore(More)
We review genetic programming principles, their application to FOCUS data samples , and use the method to study the doubly Cabibbo suppressed decay D + → K + π + π − relative to its Cabibbo favored counterpart, D + → K − π + π +. We find that this technique is able to improve upon more traditional analysis methods. To our knowledge, this is the first(More)
A high-statistics sample of photoproduced charm from the FOCUS experiment has been used to search for direct CP violation in the decay rates for D+-->K(S)pi+ and D+-->K(S)K+. We have measured the following asymmetry parameters relative to D+-->K-pi+pi+: A(CP)(K(S)pi+) = (-1.6+/-1.5+/-0.9)%, A(CP)(K(S)K+) = (+6.9+/-6.0+/-1.5)%, and A(CP)(K(S)K+) =(More)
A high statistics measurement of the D(s)+ lifetime from the Fermilab fixed-target FOCUS photoproduction experiment is presented. We describe the analysis of the two decay modes, D(s)+ --> phi(1020)pi+ and D(s)+ -->K*(892)0K+, used for the measurement. The measured lifetime is 507.4 +/- 5.5(stat) +/- 5.1(syst) fs using 8961 +/- 105 D(s)+ --> phi(1020)pi+(More)
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