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Two hundred eighty methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clinical isolates recovered from a tertiary care hospital in Oporto, Portugal, between 2003 and 2005 were studied by a combination of molecular typing techniques in order to investigate the genetic backgrounds associated with the changes in the resistance phenotypes observed since 2001(More)
This two-year study investigated the epidemiology of nasal colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among patients and healthcare workers (HCWs) in two wards with a high frequency of MRSA isolation, at Hospital Geral de Santo António (HGSA), Portugal. Three point-prevalence surveys per year were carried out. A case-control(More)
In 1994, Microbiology Laboratories of ten Portuguese hospitals analysed isolated microorganisms found in blood and urine samples and studied antimicrobial susceptibilities of the most frequent bacterial pathogens. From 63780 blood samples, the most frequent were Staphylococcus spp. and from 69189 urine samples significant numbers of Escherichia coli,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between sonographic measurement of cervical length and Bishop score with duration of labour induction. METHODS A prospective, blinded, observational study was performed in 191 pregnant women undergoing labor induction. Ultrasound measurement of cervical length and determination of Bishop score were performed.(More)
A 30-year-old primigravida was admitted to hospital at 20 weeks of gestation because of premature rupture of membranes and oligohydramnios. The patient was maintained in bed rest and given intravenous ampicillin. Forty-eight hours later, after documenting the absence of infection and maintenance of the oligohydramnios, fibrin glue was applied(More)
INTRODUCTION The Standard Precautions are measures to prevent healthcare workers' exposure to infectious agents, like HIV, HBV and HCV, through the routine use of techniques and appropriate barriers that reduce the exposure probability. These measures intend to prevent contact with blood and other fluids, potentially infected, contributing to the reduction(More)
BACKGROUND Hand stereotypies are considered a hallmark of Rett syndrome (RTT) and are usually described as symmetric movements at the midline. However, related pathologies may show the same type of involuntary movement. Furthermore, patients with RTT also have stereotypies with other localizations that are less well characterized. METHODS We analyzed(More)
The 8993T>G (L156R) transversion in the mtDNA ATPase 6 gene is a common cause of maternally inherited Leigh syndrome (MILS; McKusick 516060). In vitro studies showed that L156R severely impairs ATP production by altering the proton channel of complex V (DiMauro and Schon 2001). A less common MILS mutation in the same gene (8993T>C; L156P) exhibits a milder(More)
Bone and joint infections are rare in the neonatal period. They often present with pseudo paralysis of the affected limb due to pain and discomfort caused by movement. The existence of a concomitant neuropathy is a rare and insufficiently understood phenomenon with few cases described. The authors report the case of a 7-week infant, born prematurely and(More)
This paper describes the clinical case of a nine year old child clinical features of tetraparesis and acute encephalopathy after an infectious disease. The brain magnetic resonance imaging was compatible with a symmetrical bilateral necrosis of the brain nucleus which, associated with the clinical evolution, led to the diagnosis of acute bilateral infant(More)
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