Els W M van Etten

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Heated (20 min at 70 degrees C) amphotericin B-desoxycholate (hAMB-DOC) was further characterized, as was another formulation obtained after centrifugation (60 min, 3000 x g), hcAMB-DOC. Conventional AMB-DOC consisted of individual micelles (approximately 4 nm in diameter) and threadlike aggregated micelles, as revealed by cryo-transmission electron(More)
The nebulization of amphotericin B desoxycholate (AMB-DOC), liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB), amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) and amphotericin B colloidal dispersion (ABCD) has been investigated. Particle sizes of generated aerosol droplets were measured. Pulmonary amphotericin B deposition and amphotericin B concentration in blood directly after(More)
The biodistribution of liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB; AmBisome) and amphotericin B-desoxycholate were compared after a single injection of drug in uninfected immunocompetent mice and in leucopenic mice 6 h after inoculation with Candida albicans. Amphotericin B-desoxycholate was administered at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 0.3 mg/kg whereas L-AmB(More)
The effects of treatment with aerosolized amphotericin B desoxycholate and aerosolized liposomal amphotericin B were evaluated in severely immunosuppressed rats with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis. Aerosol treatment with amphotericin B desoxycholate consisted of a single dose (60 min) with amphotericin B concentrations in the nebulizer reservoir of 1, 2(More)
The in-vitro activities of amphotericin B-desoxycholate (AmB-DOC), liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB) and fluconazole were determined against a single strain of Candida albicans. In addition, the efficacies of these agents in the treatment of systematic candidosis in both immunocompetent and leucopenic mice were compared. The minimum inhibitory concentrations(More)
Pegylated amphotericin B (AmB) liposomes (PEG-AmB-LIP) were compared with laboratory-prepared nonpegylated AmB liposomes (AmB-LIP), a formulation with a lipid composition the same as that in AmBisome, as well as with industrially prepared AmBisome regarding their in vitro antifungal activities, toxicities, blood residence times, and therapeutic efficacies.(More)
In the treatment or prophylaxis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, it may be attractive to administer the antifungal agent amphotericin directly to the pulmonary route via aerosol inhalation. In this study, we describe the aerosol characteristics of aerosolized nonliposomal amphotericin B (Fungizone) and liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome), and the(More)
A PCR using primers aimed at the multicopy gene coding for the small subunit rRNA and resulting in the synthesis of a 180-bp fragment was evaluated for its use in diagnosing invasive candidiasis in comparison with blood culture. With the use of a C. albicans-specific probe, +/- 10 to 15 C. albicans cells are detected in 100 microliters of whole blood by(More)
When a diagnosis of invasive candidiasis has been made, treatment with toxic fungicidal agents is inevitable. The crucial decision of when to stop such treatment is difficult to make, because cultures are often negative despite ongoing invasive candidiasis and can therefore not be used as a reliable parameter of effective therapy. In the present study, the(More)
As liposomes are cleared from the circulation to a substantial extent by the phagocytic cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS), there is a question whether administration of liposome-based therapeutic agents interferes with clearance of infectious organisms by the MPS from blood. In the present study, at first the effect of administration of three(More)