Els Vanstreels

Learn More
Malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (MA-ARDS) is a deadly complication of malaria, and its pathophysiology is insufficiently understood. Both in humans and in murine models, MA-ARDS is characterized by marked pulmonary inflammation. We investigated the role of hemozoin in MA-ARDS in C57Bl/6 mice infected with Plasmodium berghei NK65, P.(More)
PURPOSE There is increasing evidence for an important role of the lamina propria in bladder physiology and interstitial cells seem to have a key role in this area. Interstitial cells in the upper lamina propria have been studied most frequently. We characterized interstitial cells in the deeper lamina propria and hypothesized that the 2 interstitial cell(More)
2-DE was applied to study core breakdown disorder in controlled atmosphere stored 'Conference' pears. This physiological disorder is characterized by internal browning of the fruit tissue and the development of cavities. Suitable protein phenol extraction/ammonium acetate-methanol precipitation and 2-DE protocols for a wide pH range were established for(More)
Validation of drug-target interaction is essential in drug discovery and development. The ultimate proof for drug-target validation requires the introduction of mutations that confer resistance in cells, an approach that is not straightforward in mammalian cells. Using CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing, we show that a homozygous genomic C528S mutation in the XPO1(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1)-encoded Rev protein is essential for the expression of late viral mRNAs. Rev forms a large organized multimeric protein-protein complex on the Rev response element of these viral mRNA species and transports them from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, exploiting the CRM1-mediated cellular machinery. Here we report(More)
The HIV Rev protein mediates the transport of partially and unspliced HIV mRNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Rev multimerizes on a secondary stem-loop structure present in the viral intron-containing mRNA species and recruits the cellular karyopherin CRM1 to export viral mRNAs from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Previously we have identified a(More)
BACKGROUND ST-246 is a potent anti-orthopoxviral molecule targeting the F13L protein of vaccinia virus, which is involved in the wrapping of viruses. The discrepancy in sensitivities of several orthopoxviruses to ST-246 has raised questions about potential differences in their replicative cycles and/or the presence of another drug target. METHODS Density(More)
It was recently shown that capture of HIV-1 by DC-SIGN-expressing cells and the subsequent transmission of HIV to CD4+ T-lymphocytes can be prevented by carbohydrate-binding agents (CBAs), whereas polyanions were unable to block virus capture by DC-SIGN. In this study, we could show that a short pre-exposure of HIV-1 to both mannose- and N-acetylglucosamine(More)
Cidofovir [(S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)cytosine; (S)-HPMPC] is an antiviral drug that has been approved for the treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with AIDS. Cidofovir also possesses potent activity against human papillomavirus-induced tumors in animal models and patients. We have recently shown that cidofovir inhibits the(More)
We report on a new anti-influenza virus agent, SA-19, a lipophilic glycopeptide derivative consisting of aglycoristocetin coupled to a phenylbenzyl-substituted cyclobutenedione. In Madin-Darby canine kidney cells infected with influenza A/H1N1, A/H3N2, or B virus, SA-19 displayed a 50% antivirally effective concentration of 0.60 μM and a selectivity index(More)