Learn More
BACKGROUND This study describes the differences in psychological distress, disability and psychosocial resources between types of major medical conditions and sensory impairments (collectively denoted as CMCs); and tests whether disability and psychosocial resources mediate CMC-specific mental health effects. METHODS Data were obtained from a(More)
OBJECTIVES The purposes of this study were to (1) characterize the social disability associated with the common psychiatric illnesses of primary care patients in terms of role dysfunction (self-care, family role, social role, occupational role) and (2) establish whether severity of psychiatric illness and disability level show synchrony of change. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES This study analyzed the impact of eight common chronic medical conditions on functional, social, and affective domains of health-related quality of life among community-based Dutch elderly (n = 5279). METHODS Health-related quality of life was measured with six domains of the MOS Short-Form General Health Survey. The impact of the selected(More)
OBJECTIVE Stressful life events, long-term difficulties, and high neuroticism are established risk factors for depression. Less is known about their role in late-life depression, how they modify or mediate one another's effects, and whether this differs between major and subsyndromal, first and recurrent episodes. METHOD The authors used a prospective(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the long-term outcome of depression and anxiety and associated disability among primary-care attenders with common psychiatric disorders and symptoms (n = 201) using binary and multicategorical, interview-based outcome measures of psychiatric illness and disability. METHODS A two-stage design was used. In the first stage, 1994(More)
OBJECTIVES To expand the landmark Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) and World Health Organization (WHO) findings on the unique association of symptoms of depression with multiple domains of functioning, health perception, and well-being in consulting populations to the late middle-aged and older community-dwelling population and to contrast this unique(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study is to increase knowledge regarding associations between couples' health condition and psychological distress in both spouses considering gender as well as patient/spouse status. METHOD We examined a community-based sample of 995 elderly couples in which either both spouses were healthy, one of them suffered from(More)
The results of a study on the comparison of the original 20-item Mini-Mental State Examination with a shortened 12-item version as a brief screening test for cognitive impairments in a community based older sample are presented. The scores on the MMSE decrease with higher ages and lower levels of education. The results show that a threshold value of 24 on(More)
The perceived parental rearing practices and attitudes of social phobics, agoraphobics, height phobics and non-patient normal controls were investigated, employing the EMBU, an inventory for assessing memories of upbringing. Findings revealed that, as compared with the controls, social phobics and height phobics scored both parents not only as lacking in(More)
The authors investigated the association of premorbidly-assessed disability and neuroticism with the onset of late-life depression in 86 depressed and 72 randomly selected control persons, originating from a 1993 Dutch community study of elderly people. Compared with elderly people with average levels of disability and neuroticism, people with low levels(More)