Els C. Robanus-Maandag

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The bmi-1 proto-oncogene has been implicated in B-cell lymphomagenesis in E mu-myc transgenic mice. Distinct domains of the Bmi-1 protein are highly conserved within the Drosophila protein Posterior Sex Combs, a member of the Polycomb group involved in maintaining stable repression of homeotic genes during development. We have inactivated the bmi-1 gene in(More)
Two candidate genes for controlling thymocyte differentiation, T-cell factor-1 (Tcf-1) and lymphoid enhancer-binding factor (Lef-1), encode closely related DNA-binding HMG-box proteins. Their expression pattern is complex and largely overlapping during embryogenesis, yet restricted to lymphocytes postnatally. Here we generate two independent germline(More)
Hemizygosity for the NF2 gene in humans causes a syndromic susceptibility to schwannoma development. However, Nf2 hemizygous mice do not develop schwannomas but mainly osteosarcomas. In the tumors of both species, the second Nf2 allele is inactivated. We report that conditional homozygous Nf2 knockout mice with Cre-mediated excision of Nf2 exon 2 in Schwann(More)
To identify new immortalizing genes with potential roles in tumorigenesis, we performed a genetic screen aimed to bypass the rapid and tight senescence arrest of primary fibroblasts deficient for the oncogene Bmi1. We identified the T-box member TBX2 as a potent immortalizing gene that acts by downregulating Cdkn2a (p19(ARF)). TBX2 represses the Cdkn2a(More)
Hemizygosity for the retinoblastoma gene RB in man strongly predisposes to retinoblastoma. In the mouse, however, Rb hemizygosity leaves the retina normal, whereas in Rb-/- chimeras pRb-deficient retinoblasts undergo apoptosis. To test whether concomitant inactivation of the Rb-related gene p107 is required to unleash the oncogenic potential of pRb(More)
Patients with schwannomatosis develop multiple schwannomas but no vestibular schwannomas diagnostic of neurofibromatosis type 2. We report an inactivating germline mutation in exon 1 of the tumor-suppressor gene INI1 in a father and daughter who both had schwannomatosis. Inactivation of the wild-type INI1 allele, by a second mutation in exon 5 or by clear(More)
We have investigated primary ductal carcinomas in situ (DCIS) of the breast and their local recurrences after breast-conserving therapy (BCT) for histological characteristics and marker expression. Patients who were randomized in the EORTC trial 10853 (wide local excision versus excision plus radiotherapy) and who developed a local recurrence were(More)
Mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene predispose individuals to familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), characterized by multiple tumours in the large intestine. Most mouse models heterozygous for truncating mutant Apc alleles mimic FAP, however, the intestinal tumours occur mainly in the small intestine. To model large intestinal tumours, we(More)
Specific mutations in some tumor suppressor genes such as p53 can act in a dominant fashion. We tested whether this mechanism may also apply for the neurofibromatosis type-2 gene (NF2) which, when mutated, leads to schwannoma development. Transgenic mice were generated that express, in Schwann cells, mutant NF2 proteins prototypic of natural mutants(More)
We have shown previously that the putative oncogene pim-1 is frequently activated by provirus insertion in murine leukemia virus-induced T cell lymphomas. Here we describe the structure of the pim-1 gene as determined by sequencing genomic and cDNA clones. The gene has an open reading frame, encoding a protein of 313 amino acids, extending over six exons(More)