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We have generated mice homozygous for a disruption of the mdr1a (also called mdr3) gene, encoding a drug-transporting P-glycoprotein. The mice were viable and fertile and appeared phenotypically normal, but they displayed an increased sensitivity to the centrally neurotoxic pesticide ivermectin (100-fold) and to the carcinostatic drug vinblastine (3-fold).(More)
The bmi-1 proto-oncogene has been implicated in B-cell lymphomagenesis in E mu-myc transgenic mice. Distinct domains of the Bmi-1 protein are highly conserved within the Drosophila protein Posterior Sex Combs, a member of the Polycomb group involved in maintaining stable repression of homeotic genes during development. We have inactivated the bmi-1 gene in(More)
Hemizygosity for the NF2 gene in humans causes a syndromic susceptibility to schwannoma development. However, Nf2 hemizygous mice do not develop schwannomas but mainly osteosarcomas. In the tumors of both species, the second Nf2 allele is inactivated. We report that conditional homozygous Nf2 knockout mice with Cre-mediated excision of Nf2 exon 2 in Schwann(More)
Patients with schwannomatosis develop multiple schwannomas but no vestibular schwannomas diagnostic of neurofibromatosis type 2. We report an inactivating germline mutation in exon 1 of the tumor-suppressor gene INI1 in a father and daughter who both had schwannomatosis. Inactivation of the wild-type INI1 allele, by a second mutation in exon 5 or by clear(More)
To identify new immortalizing genes with potential roles in tumorigenesis, we performed a genetic screen aimed to bypass the rapid and tight senescence arrest of primary fibroblasts deficient for the oncogene Bmi1. We identified the T-box member TBX2 as a potent immortalizing gene that acts by downregulating Cdkn2a (p19(ARF)). TBX2 represses the Cdkn2a(More)
We have investigated primary ductal carcinomas in situ (DCIS) of the breast and their local recurrences after breast-conserving therapy (BCT) for histological characteristics and marker expression. Patients who were randomized in the EORTC trial 10853 (wide local excision versus excision plus radiotherapy) and who developed a local recurrence were(More)
Two candidate genes for controlling thymocyte differentiation, T-cell factor-1 (Tcf-1) and lymphoid enhancer-binding factor (Lef-1), encode closely related DNA-binding HMG-box proteins. Their expression pattern is complex and largely overlapping during embryogenesis, yet restricted to lymphocytes postnatally. Here we generate two independent germline(More)
Hemizygosity for the retinoblastoma gene RB in man strongly predisposes to retinoblastoma. In the mouse, however, Rb hemizygosity leaves the retina normal, whereas in Rb-/- chimeras pRb-deficient retinoblasts undergo apoptosis. To test whether concomitant inactivation of the Rb-related gene p107 is required to unleash the oncogenic potential of pRb(More)
BACKGROUND During skeletogenesis, protein levels of beta-catenin in the canonical Wnt signaling pathway determine lineage commitment of skeletal precursor cells to osteoblasts and chondrocytes. Adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc) is a key controller of beta-catenin turnover by down-regulating intracellular levels of beta-catenin. RESULTS To investigate(More)
PURPOSE Early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) and its precursor lesions is an effective approach to reduce CRC mortality rates. This study aimed to identify novel protein biomarkers for the early diagnosis of CRC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Proximal fluids are a rich source of candidate biomarkers as they contain high concentrations of tissue-derived(More)