Els Beirnaert

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OBJECTIVE The advent of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-blocking drugs has provided rheumatologists with an effective, but highly expensive, treatment for the management of established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Our aim was to explore preclinically the application of camelid anti-TNF VHH proteins, which are single-domain antigen binding (VHH) proteins(More)
An enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVcpz/SIVmnd) antigens was designed using immunoreagents from naturally infected individuals, and compared to the commercially available Vironostika HIV-1 Antigen Microelisa System (Organon Teknika). The in-house(More)
A previous study on cross-clade neutralization activity, identified three key isolates, MNlab (envB/gagB; X4 coreceptor), VI525 (envG/gagH, envA/gagA; R5X4) and CA9 (Group O; R5), that allowed discrimination of sera, likely or unlikely to neutralize primary HIV-1 isolates belonging to Group M (env clades A-H) and Group O. The prognostic ability of these(More)
HIV-1 ANT70 is the first HIV-1 group O virus isolate obtained from a 25-year-old Cameroonian woman, who seroconverted in March 1987. This individual has remained asymptomatic and clinically healthy (clinical stage WHO 1, CDC II) even though she did not receive any antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 before 97 months post-seroconversion. CD4+ T cell counts(More)
A monoclonal antibody LMBH5 was derived from mice which had been immunized with A/Victoria/3/75 (H3N2)-type recombinant, secreted hemagglutinin (HA), and were subsequently challenged with a potentially lethal dose of X31 [A/Aichi/2/68 (H3N2) x A/PR/8/34 (H1N1)] virus. LMBH5 reacted strongly with the native and low-pH-induced conformations of the HA of(More)
In 1989, a new type of antibody was identified, first in the sera of dromedaries and later also in all other species of the Camelidae family. These antibodies do not contain a light chain and also lack the first constant heavy domain. Today it is still unclear what the evolutionary advantage of such heavy chain-only antibodies could be. In sharp contrast,(More)
A monoclonal antibody, LMBH6, was derived from mice which had been sequentially immunized with bromelain-cleaved haemagglutinin (BHA) from influenza virus A/Aichi/2/68, A/Victoria/3/75 and A/Philippines/2/82 (all H3N2). LMBH6 recognizes the haemagglutinin (HA) of all H3N2 influenza A strains tested, which were isolated between 1968 and 1989. HA in the(More)
A/Victoria/3/75 (H3N2)-derived cDNA coding for a secreted haemagglutinin (HA0s) was cloned into the polyhedrin promoter-based pVL1392 transfer vector, and a recombinant baculovirus was isolated. 5 to 10 µg/ml of secreted HA were obtained following infection ofSpodoptera frugiperda-9 cells. Gel filtration revealed the presence in the cell supernatant of(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal disorder. Systemic treatment of IBD patients with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha antibodies has proven to be a highly promising approach, but several drawbacks remain, including side effects related to systemic administration and high cost of treatment. Lactococcus lactis(More)
Members of the Camelidae family produce immunoglobulins devoid of light chains. We have characterized variable domains of these heavy chain antibodies, the VHH, from llamas immunized with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope protein gp120 in order to identify VHH that can inhibit HIV-1 infection. To increase the chances of isolating(More)