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Two-dimensional proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to determine the three-dimensional structure of the 62 amino acid C-terminal cellulose-binding domain (CBD) of the endoglucanase Z (CBDEGZ), secreted by Erwinia chrysanthemi. An experimental data set comprising 958 interproton nOe-derived restraints was used to calculate 23(More)
Cel5 (formerly known as endoglucanase Z) of Erwinia chrysanthemi is secreted by the Out type II pathway. Previous studies have shown that the catalytic domain (CD), linker region (LR) and cellulose-binding domain (CBD) each contain information needed for secretion. The aim of this work was to further investigate the secretion-related information present in(More)
We study the behavior of multicomponent giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) in the presence of AzoTAB, a photosensitive surfactant. GUVs are made of an equimolar ratio of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and various amounts of cholesterol (Chol), where the lipid membrane shows a phase separation into a DPPC-rich(More)
The hypothesis that highly reiterated satellite DNAs in present-day populations evolve by molecular mechanisms that create, by saltatory amplification steps, new long arrays of satellite DNA, and that such long arrays are used for homogenization purposes, has been tested both in mouse and in humans. In mouse, the data obtained are consistent with this(More)
Secretion to the cell exterior of cellulase EGZ and of at least six pectinases enables the Gram-negative Erwinia chrysanthemi to cause severe plant disease. The C-terminal cellulose-binding domain (CBD) of EGZ was found to contain a disulphide bond which forms, in the periplasm, between residues Cys-325 and Cys-382. Dithiothreitol (DTT)-treatment of native(More)
EGZ is the major endoglucanase secreted by Erwinia chrysanthemi. Functional characterization indicates that it is made of a catalytic N-terminal domain linked to a C-terminal cellulose-binding domain (CBD) by a Ser/Thr-rich linker. A chimeric plasmid, in which the CBD-encoding region was fused downstream of the ompA signal sequence, was constructed and(More)
We here disclosed a new protocol for the condensation of acetophenone derivatives and active methylene compounds with aldehydes in the presence of boric acid under microwave conditions. Implementation of the reaction is simple, healthy and environmentally friendly owing to the use of a non-toxic catalyst coupled to a solvent-free procedure. A large variety(More)
A highly diastereoselective synthesis of trifluoromethylated 1,3-dioxanes is described. The reaction proceeds by an addition/oxa-Michael sequence and works efficiently under mild reaction conditions, with a good substrate scope and acceptable to good yields.
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