Elmira Ibraim

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The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) jointly developed European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ESTC) aimed at providing European Union (EU)-tailored standards for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis (TB). The International Standards for TB Care (ISTC) were(More)
The emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) substantially challenges TB control, especially in the European Region of the World Health Organization, where the highest prevalence of MDR/XDR cases is reported. The current management of patients with MDR/XDR-TB is extremely complex for medical, social and(More)
The percentage of relapses among the global TB incidence in Romania increased from 7.7% in 1990 to 13.1% in 1999. The study group included 648 cases with relapsing lung tuberculosis, registered in the second semester, 1997. In more than half of the cases (54.9%) the relapse occurred in the 5 years following the healing of the previous episode. The(More)
UNLABELLED The analysis of the Management Unit of the National TB Programme (NTP) database, together with the reports of the TB county managers, allowed to the authors to identify some weaknesses of TB control in Romania in the recent years and to propose the appropriate measures. PROBLEMS The marked decrease in the reduction of TB cases reported annually(More)
Globally, there is substantial concern regarding the challenges of treating complex drug resistance patterns in multidrug resistant tuberculosis cases. Utilising data from three different settings (Estonia, Latvia, Romania) we sought to contrast drug susceptibility profiles for multidrug resistant tuberculosis cases, highlight the difficulties in designing(More)
In Bucharest, the increasing TB incidence in the age group of 15 to 19 years till 100.11/100000 in 1996 has to become a concerning matter. The study of 585 cases aged 15 to 19 registered in Bucharest between 1991 and 1995 (more than 2/3 of all the cases in that period) revealed the important proportion of secondary TB (67.4%), as well as the frequency of(More)
The authors compare the results of chemotherapy reflected in the proportion of recoveries of work capacity and the number of retired persons in two groups of patients--one including 102 cases treated between 1970 and 1971 by a 3/6 regimen, and another one including 91 patients treated in 1986 by a modern intensive 3 + 3 regimen. The data indicate better(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) has not been eliminated from none of the world's regions up to now. Trends of TB endemic were constantly favorable in Romania in the recent years: number of new cases and relapses decreased with 13 235, incidence rate with 42%, incidence rate in children with 51% and mortality rate with 44%, from 2002 to 2011. The highest TB risk is being(More)