Elmira Anderzhanova

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We used microdialysis to study how acute toxic doses of d-amphetamine and sydnocarb [3-(beta-phenylisopropyl)-N-phenylcarbamoylsydnonimine], an original Russian psychostimulant, affect extracellular levels of glutamate, aspartate, and taurine in the neostriatum of halothane-anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats. The administration of d-amphetamine (5.0(More)
Microdialysis technique was used to compare the effects of four repeated intraperitoneal administrations of two psychostimulant drugs, D-amphetamine and sydnocarb, at the equimolar doses 5 and 23.8 mg/kg, respectively, on the extracellular level of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and hydroxyl radicals (.OH) in the dorsal striatum of(More)
Acute ammonia neurotoxicity caused by intraperitoneal administration of ammonium salts is mediated by overactivation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, with ensuing generation of free radicals and extracellular accumulation of cyclic GMP (cGMP) arising from stimulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. In this study, infusion of ammonium chloride or(More)
The neurotoxic effects of psychostimulants at high dosages limit their clinical applicability but the mechanism of neurotoxicity is still unsettled. We now studied by microdialysis how acute and subchronic (four times at 2-h intervals) administrations of D-amphetamine and sydnocarb [3-(beta-phenylisopropyl)-N-phenylcarbamoylsydnonimine], an original novel(More)
d-AMPH and its congeners are able to produce several neurotoxic effects, including behavioral evidences of dopaminergic dysfunction, enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species, and depletion of endogenous DA. As has been shown, Sydnocarb produces a slow and gradual increase of the parameters of dopaminergic dysfunction. Present investigations report(More)
The neurotoxic effects of psychostimulants are mediated by several mechanisms, which together lead to neuronal damage. These mechanisms include an increase in the extracellular content of dopamine, stimulation of dopamine oxidation, accumulation of extracellular glutamate, and an increase in body temperature. In the present study, the dopamine receptor(More)
Acute hyperammonemia is associated with motor disturbances that are thought to involve striatal dopaminergic dysfunction. Discharge of striatal dopaminergic neurons is controlled by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, the excessive activation of which contributes to ammonia neurotoxicity. Here we show that ammonium chloride ("ammonia", extracellular(More)
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