Elmer L. Becker

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All leukocytes are capable of responding chemotactically (oriented locomotion) and chemokinetically (stimulated nondirected or random locomotion) to a variety of chemical agents. A brief review of the in vitro and in vivo methods of studying neutrophil movement and our present knowledge of chemotactic factors is presented as well as a discussion on the(More)
Chemotactic factor-enriched butanol extracts from Escherichia coli culture filtrates were fractionated and purified by high pressure liquid chromatography. The yield from individual fractions of biological activity (lysosomal enzyme secretion) and antigenic activity (competition with [3H]fMet-Leu-Phe for binding to rabbit anti-fMet-Leu-Phe) revealed an(More)
The formylpeptide receptor (FPR), previously found only on polymorphonuclear leukocytes and monocytes/macrophages, responds to both synthetic N-formyl oligopeptides and those produced by bacteria. The cDNA for human FPR has been cloned and a rabbit polyclonal antiserum directed against a synthetic 11-amino-acid peptide corresponding to the deduced(More)
The chemotactic peptide N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (f-Met-Leu-Phe) causes a dramatic stimulation of membrane ruffling and a fluid pinocytosis in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). These responses are maximal by 1 minute and subside within 5-10 minutes. The same immediate responses characterize cells exposed to several peptide hormones and may(More)
24 di-, tri-, and tetrapeptides have been synthesized as a start of a systematic study of the structural requirements for chemotactic activity and lysosomal enzyme-releasing ability in rabbit neutrophils. All but two of them are N-formyl methionyl peptides. Using the method of Zigmond and Hirsch (10), two representative peptides, F-Met-Leu-Phe and(More)
The addition of the chemotactic peptide formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (fMet-Leu-Phe) to human neutrophils pretreated with the cytokine granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) results in a 10-fold enhanced activity of phospholipase A2, measured as the release of arachidonic acid. It is found that GM-CSF increases the tyrosine(More)
Treatment of rabbit neutrophils with pertussis toxin, but not cholera toxin, inhibits the increases produced by formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, leukotriene B4 and the calcium ionophore A23187 in the amounts of actin associated with the cytoskeletons. The increase in the cytoskeletal actin produced by phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate on the other hand(More)