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Tim10p, a protein of the yeast mitochondrial intermembrane space, was shown previously to be essential for the import of multispanning carrier proteins from the cytoplasm into the inner membrane. We now identify Tim9p, another essential component of this import pathway. Most of Tim9p is associated with Tim10p in a soluble 70 kDa complex. Tim9p and Tim10p(More)
In order to reach the inner membrane of the mitochondrion, multispanning carrier proteins must cross the aqueous intermembrane space. Two essential proteins of that space, Tim10p and Tim12p, were shown to mediate import of multispanning carriers into the inner membrane. Both proteins formed a complex with the inner membrane protein Tim22p. Tim10p readily(More)
We hypothesized that the formation of foam cells and fatty streaks requires a postsecretory oxidative modification of lipoproteins that targets them for rapid uptake by macrophages. Lipid peroxidation may in part depend on the concentration of tissue iron, one of the major oxidants in vivo. We analyzed the relation between sonographically assessed carotid(More)
BACKGROUND Necropsy studies suggest that atherosclerosis begins in childhood, but in vivo confirmation of this concept is sparse and limited to selected population samples. Furthermore, new risk concepts of atherosclerosis focusing on inflammation, infections, and immunity have not yet been evaluated in this age group. METHODS AND RESULTS This study was(More)
Beta-endorphins are substances produced by the body to inhibit the perception of pain. Normally they exhibit a steep rise during birth. We have seen an impressive fall which also was statistically highly significant after the application of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation in 20 parturient women.
The yeast nuclear gene MRS2 encodes a protein of 54 kDa, the presence of which has been shown to be essential for the splicing of group II intron RNA in mitochondria and, independently, for the maintenance of a functional respiratory system. Here we show that the MRS2 gene product (Mrs2p) is an integral protein of the inner mitochondrial membrane. It(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevated levels of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] have been reported in association with symptomatic coronary and carotid artery disease. Relevancy of Lp(a) as a risk predictor of presymptomatic atherosclerosis in general populations is not well established. METHODS Serum Lp(a) distribution and its relation to sonographically assessed(More)
Activation of T-cells and macrophages may play a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Therefore, serum concentrations of the immune activation markers neopterin and soluble interleukin-2 receptor were compared with routine laboratory parameters, candidate risk variables and degree of carotid atherosclerosis. Study subjects were 561 individuals (293(More)
In this study pneumographs of children with acute bronchitis treated with Vicks Vaporub or Petrolatum were used. Movement artifacts were used as a measure of the so-called "restlessness" of the children. The experimental schedule consisted of a 10-minute phase of recording before a 3-minute treatment with Vaporub or Petrolatum, followed by a 70-minute(More)
Transthoracic impedance pneumographs from sixty children suffering from acute bronchitis were studied to investigate the effect of Vaporub on the amplitude and frequency of breathing. The experimental technique consisted of an observation period of 70 minutes after a 3-minute treatment with Vaporub or petrolatum as a control. Before the treatment, after an(More)