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How sister kinetochores attach to microtubules from opposite spindle poles during mitosis (bi-orientation) remains poorly understood. In yeast, the ortholog of the Aurora B-INCENP protein kinase complex (Ipl1-Sli15) may have a role in this crucial process, because it is necessary to prevent attachment of sister kinetochores to microtubules from the same(More)
Yeast spindle pole bodies (SPBs) duplicate once per cell cycle by a conservative mechanism resulting in a pre-existing 'old' and a newly formed SPB. The two SPBs of yeast cells are functionally distinct. It is only the SPB that migrates into the daughter cell, the bud, which carries the Bfa1p-Bub2p GTPase-activating protein (GAP) complex, a component of the(More)
The inner centromere-like protein (INCENP) forms a complex with the evolutionarily conserved family of Aurora Bkinases. The INCENP-Aurora complex helps coordinate chromosome segregation, spindle behavior, and cytokinesis during mitosis. INCENP-Aurora associates with kinetochores in metaphase and with spindle microtubules in anaphase, yet the trigger for(More)
KAR1 has been identified as an essential gene which is involved in karyogamy of mating yeast cells and in spindle pole body duplication of mitotic cells (Rose, M. D., and G. R. Fink. 1987. Cell. 48:1047-1060). We investigated the cell cycle-dependent localization of the Kar1 protein (Kar1p) and its interaction with other SPB components. Kar1p is associated(More)
Cdc31 mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae arrest at the nonpermissive temperature with large buds, G2 DNA content and, a single, abnormally large spindle pole body (SPB) (Byers, B. 1981. Molecular Genetics in Yeast. Alfred Benzon Symposium. 16:119-133). In this report, we show that the CDC31 gene product is essential for cell viability. We demonstrate that(More)
The budding yeast mitotic exit network (MEN) is a signal transduction cascade that controls exit from mitosis by facilitating the release of the cell cycle phosphatase Cdc14 from the nucleolus. The G protein Tem1 regulates MEN activity. The Tem1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) Lte1 associates with the cortex of the bud and activates the MEN upon(More)
The spindle orientation checkpoint (SPOC) of budding yeast delays mitotic exit when cytoplasmic microtubules (MTs) are defective, causing the spindle to become misaligned. Delay is achieved by maintaining the activity of the Bfa1-Bub2 guanosine triphosphatase-activating protein complex, an inhibitor of mitotic exit. In this study, we show that the spindle(More)
The export of many E. coli proteins such as proOmpA requires the cytosolic chaperone SecB and the membrane-bound preprotein translocase. Translocase is a multisubunit enzyme with the SecA protein as its peripheral membrane domain and the SecY/E protein as its integral domain. SecB, by binding to proOmpA in the cytosol, prevents its aggregation or(More)
Tub4p is a novel tubulin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that most closely resembles gamma-tubulin. We report in this manuscript that the essential Tub4p is associated with the inner and outer plaques of the yeast microtubule organizing center, the spindle pole body (SPB). These SPB substructures are involved in the attachment of the nuclear and cytoplasmic(More)
Preprotein translocation in E. coli requires ATP, the membrane electrochemical potential delta mu H+, and translocase, an enzyme with an ATPase domain (SecA) and the membrane-embedded SecY/E. Studies of translocase and proOmpA binds to the SecA domain. Second, SecA binds ATP. Third, ATP-binding energy permits translocation of approximately 20 residues of(More)