Elmar Krause

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SNARE proteins are essential fusion mediators for many intracellular trafficking events. Here, we investigate the role of Syntaxin7 (Stx7) in the release of lytic granules from cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). We show that Stx7 is expressed in CTLs and is preferentially localized to the region of lytic granule release, the immunological synapse (IS).(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes kill virus-infected and tumorigenic target cells through the release of perforin and granzymes via fusion of lytic granules at the contact site, the immunological synapse. It has been postulated that this fusion process is mediated by non-neuronal members of the soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor(More)
CTLs kill target cells via fusion of lytic granules (LGs) at the immunological synapse (IS). Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) function as executors of exocytosis. The importance of SNAREs in CTL function is evident in the form of familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 4 that is caused by mutations in(More)
We employed confocal laser-scanning microscopy to monitor cholecystokinin (CCK)-evoked Ca(2+) signals in fluo-3-loaded mouse pancreatic acinar cells. CCK-8-induced Ca(2+) signals start at the luminal cell pole and subsequently spread toward the basolateral membrane. Ca(2+) waves elicited by stimulation of high-affinity CCK receptors (h.a.CCK-R) with 20 pM(More)
Despite success with BRAFV600E inhibitors, therapeutic responses in patients with metastatic melanoma are short-lived because of the acquisition of drug resistance. We identified a mechanism of intrinsic multidrug resistance based on the survival of a tumor cell subpopulation. Treatment with various drugs, including cisplatin and vemurafenib, uniformly(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) dependent potassium channels (KATP channels) in heart ventricular muscle cells can be activated by depletion of intracellular ATP stores as well as by channel openers. In the present study we examined whether properties of KATP channels are dependent on the mode of activation. Whole-cell and single-channel currents were(More)
Sven Lang, Julia Benedix, Sorin V. Fedeles, Stefan Schorr, Claudia Schirra, Nico Schäuble, Carolin Jalal, Markus Greiner, Sarah Haßdenteufel, Jörg Tatzelt, Birgit Kreutzer, Ludwig Edelmann, Elmar Krause, Jens Rettig, Stefan Somlo, Richard Zimmermann* and Johanna Dudek Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saarland University D-66421, Homburg, Germany(More)
Cyclic ADP-ribose, a metabolite of NAD+ evokes Ca2+ release from intracellular stores in different cells. We have determined the activity of cADPr-producing enzymes (ADP-ribosyl cyclases) in different cellular fractions prepared from isolated pancreatic acinar cells by measuring the conversion of the beta-NAD+ analogs 1,N6-etheno-NAD and nicotinamide(More)
Receptor-mediated Ca2+ release from inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive Ca2+ stores causes "capacitative calcium entry" in many cell types (Putney, J. W., Jr. (1986) Cell Calcium 7, 1-12; Putney, J. W., Jr. (1990) Cell Calcium 11, 611-624). We used patch-clamp and fluorescence techniques in isolated mouse pancreatic acinar cells to identify ion(More)
Co-translational transport of polypeptides into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) involves the Sec61 channel and additional components such as the ER lumenal Hsp70 BiP and its membrane-resident co-chaperone Sec63p in yeast. We investigated whether silencing the SEC61A1 gene in human cells affects co- and post-translational transport of presecretory proteins(More)