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Comparative studies have implicated striatal and mesial forebrain circuitry in the generation of autonomic, endocrine, and behavioral responses for incentives. Using blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging, we sought to visualize functional activation of these regions in 12 normal volunteers as they anticipated and responded for(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to compare brain volumes of alcoholic and nonalcoholic men and women and determine if the magnitudes of differences in brain volumes between alcoholic women and nonalcoholic women are greater than the magnitudes of the differences between alcoholic men and nonalcoholic men. METHOD The study group included 118 subjects:(More)
Undetected cognitive impairment (CI) and dementia are important clinical and epidemiological problems. This study addresses the effectiveness of using a single self-reported measure of severe memory problems (SMP) as a screen for CI and dementia. For the purposes of the study, 3220 elderly women participated in a mailed Health Survey Questionnaire and(More)
BACKGROUND A reduced heart rate variability (HRV) has been associated with various different pathological physical and psychological conditions and illnesses. The present study is focused on investigating HRV in respect to psychological disorders (depressive disorders anxiety disorders, Burn-out-Syndrome). METHODS The results from an investigation with(More)
Hereditary developmental disorders of the CNS, especially spinal cord, are of increasing importance in the bovine species. Therefore, congenital spinal malformations of non-hereditary origin have to be ruled out by carefully directed neuromorphological procedures. The two cases of malformation of the spinal cord reported were not accompanied by vertebral(More)
15 patients diagnosed as schizophrenics (ICD 295) under long-term neuroleptic treatment were compared with 15 neurotic and normal persons concerning their ability at a psychomotor task. There was no difference between both groups; no correlation between performance and neuroleptic dosage was found. However, motoric coordination of a small group was(More)
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