Elmar Dittrich

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Purpose – This paper aims to present a novel modular robot that provides a flexible framework for exploring adaptive locomotion. Design/methodology/approach – A new modular robot is presented called YaMoR (for “Yet another Modular Robot”). Each YaMoR module contains an FPGA and a microcontroller supporting a wide range of control strategies and high(More)
Like many proteins with a single transmembrane domain the IL-6R exists in a membrane-associated and soluble form. The soluble IL-6R is generated by limited proteolysis of the membranous receptor. This process, also called shedding, is drastically enhanced by PMA, an activator of protein kinase C. The soluble receptor protein was purified to homogeneity from(More)
In the ovarian adenocarcinoma subline N.I, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induced substantial cell death. This response was elicited only at decreased serum levels. Exposure of N.I cells to increasing concentrations of ATRA was accompanied by a considerable up-regulation of c-myc transcript levels that correlated with the rate of cell killing, which itself(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) exerts its action via a cell surface receptor complex consisting of two subunits, the IL-6 receptor and the signal transducer gp130. We have studied the role of both transmembrane proteins for IL-6 internalization and ligand-induced down-regulation of cell surface receptors. Co-expression of wild-type and mutant forms of both the IL-6(More)
The interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor complex is composed of two different subunits, the IL-6 binding protein (IL-6R, gp80) and the signal transducing component gp130. Our previous studies revealed that the 10-amino acid sequence TQPLLDSEER within the intracellular domain of gp130 is crucial for the efficient internalization of IL-6. Since this sequence(More)
Sodium butyrate (NaB), a physiologically produced short chain fatty acid, dramatically changes the growth rate and also the morphology of a fast growing subclone (N.1) derived from the heterogenous human ovarian carcinoma HOC-7. The mRNA of the growth related proto-oncogene c-myc, constitutively expressed in N.1 cells decreased significantly within 24 h of(More)
The acute phase response is the answer of the organism to disturbances of its physiological homeostasis. It consists of a local and a systemic reaction. The latter is characterized by dramatic changes in the concentration of some plasma proteins called acute phase proteins. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been identified in vitro and in vivo as the major(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) exerts its action via a receptor complex composed of a ligand-binding subunit (gp80) and a signal transducer (gp130) which both belong to the hematopoietic receptor super-family. Very little is known about the biosynthesis and the biological half-lives of proteins of this superfamily. Therefore, we studied the biosynthesis and(More)
Breast carcinomas are frequently characterized by hyperactivated c-erbB receptor tyrosine kinase signaling. Combination of anti-proliferative retinoids with growth-inhibitory c-erbB-specific agents might induce therapeutic benefit. We demonstrate close interactions between the c-erbB and the retinoic acid receptor system in SK-BR-3 breast cancer cells.(More)