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Herein we report the photocatalytic degradation of natural organic matter from a bog lake (Lake Hohloh, Black Forest, Germany) in the presence of 0, 5, and 10 μmol L(-1) of added Cu(2+), Mn(2+), Zn(2+) and Fe(3+). The reactions were followed by size exclusion chromatography with organic carbon detection (SEC-DOC) and by measurements of low molecular weight(More)
Corrosion products and electric fields are capable of changing proteins to antigens, thus permitting the immunological system to identify the biomaterial as foreign. The reaction between corrosion products and a macro-molecule also leads to an antigen (carrier antigen), such as conformational changes of a macro-molecule, e.g. a protein, caused by the(More)
Several cariogenic bacterial species, a mixed streptococci flora composed of nine species, as well as the plaque- and saliva-mixed flora from human beings were tested for acid production from the sugar substitute palatinit, which was compared to sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol and the low molecular carbohydrates sucrose, glucose and fructose. Complementary(More)
Titanium is considered to be biocompatible as long as the passive layer of TiO2 which is formed within the body, is not destroyed mechanically by the shearing forces acting on implants during function. Mechanically stable hard coatings on the basis of the so-called refractory metals render titanium wear-and-tear-resistant, with the added advantage for its(More)
Numerous S. mutans strains isolated from human dental plaque and from that of rats and hamsters were classified by a well-known biochemical differentiation system for the separation of the serotypes "a to e", and by seven different biotypes (I-VII). 182 S. mutans strains from human plaque were assigned to the following serotypes: "c" = 68%, "d" = 19%, and(More)