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This study investigated how accurately taste panel sensory assessments of meat eating quality (MEQ) could be predicted in two divergent lamb breeds, using predictors measured in live animals (weights, subjective conformation assessments, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and video image analysis measurements) and carcasses (weights, MLC fat and(More)
Differences in muscularity of the hind leg (HL) and lumbar region (LR) were investigated between sexes (ram vs ewe lambs), breeds (Scottish Blackface, SBF vs Texel, TEX) and progeny of high- and low-muscularity sires (HM, LM) (n=471). The influence of these factors on meat eating quality (MEQ) was also examined (n=229). TEX lambs had 16% greater muscularity(More)
Fearful behavioral responses to handling (temperament) are undesirably associated with ADG and meat quality in infrequently handled Bos indicus cattle. It has never been assessed whether these relationships exist in calmer Bos taurus breeds in systems where handling is more frequent. Such systems predominate in some countries where beef production is a(More)
The potential of X-ray computed tomography (CT) as a predictor of cuts composition and meat quality traits using a multivariate calibration method (partial least square regression, PLSR) was investigated in beef cattle. Sirloins from 88 crossbred Aberdeen Angus (AAx) and 106 Limousin (LIMx) cattle were scanned using spiral CT. Subsequently, they were(More)
This study was implemented to evaluate the potential of visible and near infrared reflectance (NIR) spectroscopy to predict sensory characteristics related to the eating quality of lamb meat samples. A total of 232 muscle samples from Texel and Scottish Blackface lambs was analyzed by chemical procedures and scored by assessors in a taste panel (TP). Then,(More)
Live weight, subjective scores of condition and conformation, live animal video image analysis (LVIA), ultrasound and X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanning were used to investigate the best method or combination of methods for predicting carcass and meat quality traits in live Texel and Scottish Blackface lambs. Predictors derived from CT alone accounted(More)
Assessments of muscle mass and skeletal dimensions by Computed Tomography (CT) enable the development of new muscularity indices for the hind leg (HL) and lumbar region (LR) in lambs. Compared to previous CT muscularity indices, the accuracy was much higher with the new index in the HL (correlations between CT and dissection indices of 0.89 vs 0.51). The(More)
From a calibration trial involving computer tomography (CT) scanning and dissection of 45 lambs, a prediction equation was derived to estimate total internal fat weight in Scottish Blackface lambs from measurements taken on cross-sectional CT images. Using data from two cross-sectional images (at the hip and loin) internal fat can be predicted with(More)
This study evaluates the effects of breed and sex, together with those of birth weight and litter size, on muscle fibre type characteristics in Texel (TEX) and Scottish Blackface sheep (SBF). The M.longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) of TEX had a significantly higher total muscle cross-sectional area (16%), a higher total fibre number (20%) and a higher(More)
This study compared the use of various models to describe growth in lambs of 2 contrasting breeds from birth to slaughter. Live BW records (n = 7559) from 240 Texel and 231 Scottish Blackface (SBF) lambs weighed at 2-wk intervals were modeled. Biologically relevant variables were estimated for each lamb from modified versions of the logistic, Gompertz,(More)