Ellis Schipper

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Immunoanalytical techniques used in combination with a highly sensitive Mach-Zender waveguide sensor give a device that is capable of fast on-line monitoring of immunoreactions. The on-line monitoring is especially attractive when the sensor can be used as an environmental probe. It is demonstrated that low concentrations of atrazine can be measured with a(More)
Inappropriate apoptosis has been implicated in the mechanism of neuronal death in Huntington's disease (HD). In this study, we report the expression of apoptotic markers in HD caudate nucleus (grades 1-4) and compare this with controls without neurological disease. Terminal transferase-mediated biotinylated-UTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells were(More)
The feasibility of detecting small molecules such as pesticides using optical evanescent-wave sensors is discussed with emphasis on the Mach-Zehnder sensor and a newly developed sensor called a 'critical' sensor. For direct detection of an estimated average pesticide layer growth of 2X 10m4 nm, the sensitivity of the Mach-Zehnder sensor is almost adequate(More)
We have designed and implemented an optical-trapping configuration that uses near-infrared laser diodes. The highly divergent output beam of the diode laser was collimated by using only one aspheric compact disc lens. The resulting output beams are astigmatic and elliptic and have a flat, non-Gaussian intensity profile. Calculations and measurements were(More)
A new planar waveguide immunosensor has been developed in which adsorption at a surface, changing the refractive index contrast, is measured. In this "critical" sensor the change in the effective refractive index contrast is transducted to a shift of the critical reflection angle. The sensor's theoretically. In addition, an experimental sensitivity(More)
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