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Some alcoholics have a regular daily alcohol consumption of more than 100 g. In preliminary observations we had the impression that the claimed alcohol intake in such 'heavy drinkers' was higher than could be accounted for by the ethanol elimination rate as measured routinely at 10 mmol/l (0.5 g/l). We therefore measured the ethanol elimination rate at very(More)
Alcohol causes gastroesophageal reflux and mucosal damage in the oesophagus and the stomach. The transmucosal electrical potential difference gives information on gastric mucosal integrity and function, while the validity of oesophageal measurements have been discussed. Baseline oesophageal potential difference measurements were performed three times with(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the composition of gases generated by bipolar hysteroscopic vaporizing electrodes using electrolyte-rich medium (normal saline) with those of monopolar vaporizing electrodes using nonelectrolytic medium (1.5% glycine). DESIGN In vitro study (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). SETTING Laboratory. INTERVENTION Fresh(More)
Pancreatic secretion of zinc and copper in duodenal juice were measured in 7 healthy persons and in 9 patients with chronic pancreatitis. Stimulation with cholecystokinin and secretin increased secretion of zinc in healthy persons but not in patients. Copper secretion was not influenced. In patients with chronic pancreatitis, the correlations between zinc(More)
The "lethal hit" induced by viral specific, sensitized, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) attacking virus-infected heart cells is important in the pathogenesis of viral myocarditis and reflects the key role of CTL in this immune response. The mechanisms involved are incompletely understood. Studies of the physiological changes induced in mengovirus-infected,(More)