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Two factors have been proposed as the main determinants of phonological typology : channel bias, phonetically systematic errors in transmission, and analytic bias, cognitive predispositions making learners more receptive to some patterns than others. Much of typology can be explained equally well by either factor, making them hard to distinguish(More)
When resolving errors with interactive systems, people sometimes hyperarticulate--or adopt a clarified style of speech that has been associated with increased recognition errors. The primary goals of the present study were: (1) to provide a comprehensive analysis of acoustic, prosodic, and phonological adaptations to speech during human-computer error(More)
Native-language phonemes combined in a non-native way can be misperceived so as to conform to native phonotactics, e.g. English listeners are biased to hear syllable-initial [tr] rather than the illegal [tl] (Perception and Psychophysics 34 (1983) 338; Perception and Psychophysics 60 (1998) 941). What sort of linguistic knowledge causes phonotactic(More)
Artificial analogues of natural-language phonological patterns can often be learned in the lab from small amounts of training or exposure. The difficulty of a featurally-defined pattern has been hypothesized to be affected by two main factors, its formal structure (the abstract logical configuration of the defining features) and its phonetic substance (the(More)
The most straightforward theory of how phonologization interacts with Universal Grammar to determine typology is that UG defines the cognitively possible grammars ("hard" typology), while phonologization determines how frequent they are ("soft" typology). This paper argues instead that some soft typology has a cognitive source, and proposes a formal(More)
These experiments investigate whether the perceptual boundary between [a] and [a:] is affected by the differing phonotactics of the Sino-Japanese and Foreign strata of the Japanese lexicon. We presented a range of edited natural vowels from [a] to [a:] at the end of carrier nonwords of the form [CoC'__] and asked subjects to judge whether the final vowel(More)