Elliot Danforth

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The objective was to assess the effect of a new, highly selective beta 3-adrenergic agonist, CL-316,243 (CL) (J. D. Bloom, M. D. Dutia, B. D. Johnson, A. Wissner, M. G. Burns, E. E. Largis, J. A. Dolan, and T. H. Claus., J. Med. Chem. 35: 3081, 1992), on energy balance and brown and white adipose tissues (BAT and WAT, respectively) in young rats eating a(More)
Stimulation of beta3-adrenoceptors by selective agonists improves insulin action and stimulates energy metabolism in various rodent models of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Whether selective beta3-adrenoceptor stimulation exerts metabolic actions in humans remains to be proven. The effects of a highly selective beta3-adrenoceptor agonist on insulin action,(More)
1 have reported that knockouts of Hmgic prevent adipocyte differentiation and therefore might serve as a target for obesity. Prevention of adipocyte differentiation, however, is destined to exchange obesity for diabetes and suggests an interesting hypothesis: that type II diabetes is the result of the inability of the adipose organ to expand to accommodate(More)
There is growing evidence of the involvement of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity in determining metabolic rate. Whole-body plasma norepinephrine turnover and its relationship to resting metabolic rate (RMR) and 24-hour energy expenditure (24EE) were compared in 14 Pima Indian men (25 +/- 4 years, 96 +/- 33 kg, 25% +/- 9% fat) and nine white men (25(More)
Thyroid hormones have a direct effect on the basal or resting metabolic rate in man and a permissive effect on the adaptive thermogenesis of small animals, while altering the energy expended in exercise to the extent that patients with thyroid disorders exercise to a greater or lesser degree. The physiological concepts of energy expenditure need to be seen(More)
The thermic effect of glucose was investigated in nine obese and six lean subjects in whom the same rate of glucose uptake was imposed. Continuous indirect calorimetry was performed for 240 min on the supine subject. After 45 min, 20% glucose was infused (609 mg/min) for 195 min and normoglycemia was maintained by adjusting the insulin infusion rate. At 2(More)
Introduction Problems of energy balance underly some of our most serious health problems (1). Recently Modan and others (2) emphasized in this journal the link between obesity, hypertension, and glucose intolerance. Some of the common types of hyperlipidemia also are linked to diabetes and obesity (3), and all three are associated with the prevalence(More)
Aerobic exercise in addition to severe caloric restriction was studied for its effects on resting energy expenditure (REE), weight loss, and lean tissue preservation in adult women. A formula diet providing 1.5 g protein and 0.5 g carbohydrate (CHO) per kilogram of ideal body weight daily (mean intake 720 kcal/d) was given to 12 overweight inpatients for 4(More)
The experimental reliability of measuring CO2 production rates (rCO2) with the doubly labeled water (DLW) technique was assessed in five young healthy men (23 (DLW) technique was assessed in five young healthy men (23 +/- 4 yr; 66.1 +/- 4.6 kg). To minimize the confounding effects of fluctuations in physical activity and eating patterns on variation in(More)