Ellie Smith

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Reverse transcription PCR showed that mRNA encoding the CRH-like molecule, urocortin, is expressed in a rat cardiac myocyte cell line and in primary cultures of cardiac myocytes. Identity of the amplified with the published sequence was established by restriction mapping and direct sequencing. Expression of urocortin mRNA was increased 12-18 h after thermal(More)
Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have a significant reduction in the number of oxytocin-producing neurons (42%) in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. A number of animal studies and observations of humans show that lesions in this region can produce PWS-like symptoms. Given the evidence for potential oxytocin deficiency, we tested the(More)
OBJECTIVE Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a leading genetic cause of obesity, characterized by hyperphagia, endocrine and developmental disorders. It is suggested that the intense hyperphagia could stem, in part, from impaired gut hormone signaling. Previous studies produced conflicting results, being confounded by differences in body composition between PWS(More)
In order to study the molecular mechanisms involved in the control of GnRH gene expression, the human GnRH gene was cloned and characterized. The gene was expressed in cells obtained from CNS tumors in transgenic mice generated utilizing 1131 bp of 5' flanking GnRH DNA fused to the simian virus 40 large T antigen. We have shown a stimulatory estrogen(More)
The representation of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases (cdks) was analyzed during progressive development of the bone cell phenotype in cultures of normal diploid rat calvarial osteoblasts. Three developmental stages were examined: (a) proliferation; (b) monolayer confluency; and (c) mineralization of the bone extracellular matrix. We demonstrate that(More)
Dramatic, seemingly exponential advances have brought about much hope towards improving the efficacy of management of patients with conditions long-thought incurable, such as neurogenetic disorders. These advances have been both technological and conceptual. They result from refinements in the understanding of pathophysiology and intensive developments of(More)
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