Ellery Fussell Crane

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Bloat is a common and well studied problem in genetic programming. Size and depth limits are often used to combat bloat, but to date there has been little detailed exploration of the effects and biases of such limits. In this paper we present empirical and theoretical analyses of the effect of size limits on variable length linear structures. Specifically,(More)
Biological organisms exhibit numerous types of plasticity, where they respond both developmentally and behaviorally to environmental factors. In some organisms, for example, environmental conditions can lead to the developmental expression of genes that would otherwise remain dormant, leading to significant phenotypic variation and allowing selection to act(More)
In recent work on linear register-based genetic programming (GP) we introduced the notion of Memory-with-Memory (MwM), where the results of operations are stored in registers using a form of soft assignment which blends a result into the current content of a register rather than entirely replace it. The MwM system yielded very promising results on a set of(More)
We introduce Memory with Memory Genetic Programming (MwM-GP), where we use soft assignments and soft return operations. Instead of having the new value completely overwrite the old value of registers or memory, soft assignments combine such values. Similarly, in soft return operations the value of a function node is a blend between the result of a(More)
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