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Fragile-X syndrome is caused by an unstable CGG trinucleotide repeat in the FMR1 gene at Xq27. Intermediate alleles (51-200 repeats) can undergo expansion to the full mutation on transmission from mother to offspring. To evaluate the effectiveness of a fragile-X carrier-screening program, we tested 14,334 Israeli women of child-bearing age for fragile-X(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular basis of autosomal recessive non-syndromic mental retardation (NSMR) is poorly understood, mostly owing to heterogeneity and absence of clinical criteria for grouping families for linkage analysis. Only two autosomal genes, the PRSS12 gene on chromosome 4q26 and the CRBN on chromosome 3p26, have been shown to cause autosomal(More)
OBJECTIVE Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is a new technique for detecting submicroscopic deletions and duplications. There is limited information regarding its use in the prenatal setting. Here, we present our experience of 269 prenatal aCGHs between 2006 and 2009. METHOD The indications for testing were fetal anomalies on ultrasound(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to identify the gene causing autosomal recessive infantile bilateral striatal necrosis. METHODS We have mapped the disease gene in the candidate region to approximately 230kb on 19q13.33 in 8 interrelated families including a total of 12 patients and 39 unaffected individuals. RESULTS Sequencing of the nup62(More)
Nonsyndromic mental retardation (NSMR) is the diagnosis of exclusion in mentally retarded individuals without additional abnormalities. We have recently identified a protein-truncating mutation, G408fsX437, in the gene CC2D1A on chromosome 19p13.12 in nine consanguineous Israeli Arab families with severe autosomal recessive NSMR, and have developed a(More)
PURPOSE The hallmark of Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), a familial cancer syndrome, is constitutional TP53 mutation. The authors addressed the complex question of predictive prenatal genetic testing for cancer risk associated with inheritance of TP53 mutation. METHODS A classic LFS family including the proband (a 20-month-old boy with rhabdomyosarcoma), his(More)
Isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency (IAD) is a rare cause of adrenocortical insufficiency, especially in children, and may be an underestimated cause of neonatal death. Early postnatal diagnosis may prevent hypoglycemic seizures, Addisonian crises, and death. There are also occasional reports of prenatal diagnosis of IAD by findings on(More)
Autosomal-recessive non-syndromic hearing impairment (DFNB) is usually of prelingual onset with a moderate to profound degree of hearing loss. More than 70 DFNB loci have been mapped and ~40 causative genes have been identified. Non-syndromic hearing impairment caused by mutations of DFNB59 (encoding pejvakin) has been described in a couple of families in(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness. It is caused by a mutation in the survival motor neuron gene 1 (SMN1) gene. SMA with respiratory distress 1 (SMARD1), an uncommon variant of infantile SMA also inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, is caused by mutations in the immunoglobulin(More)