Ellen Smulders

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Exercise can reduce falls and fall-related fractures in healthy individuals; however, evidence for individuals with low BMD is limited. The results from this systematic review indicate that exercise interventions for individuals with low BMD to reduce falls and fractures should include balance, muscle strengthening, and weight-bearing exercises. The purpose(More)
Mobility limitations are common in persons with Intellectual Disabilities (ID). Differences in balance and gait capacities between persons with ID and controls have mainly been demonstrated by instrumented assessments (e.g. posturography and gait analysis), which require sophisticated and expensive equipment such as force plates or a 3D motion analysis(More)
Hip fractures are a common and serious consequence of falls. Training of proper fall techniques may be useful to prevent hip fractures in the elderly. The results suggested that martial arts fall techniques may be trainable in older individuals. Better performance resulted in a reduced impact force. Hip fractures are a common and serious consequence of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of the Nijmegen Falls Prevention Program (NFPP) for persons with osteoporosis and a fall history in a randomized controlled trial. Persons with osteoporosis are at risk for fall-related fractures because of decreased bone strength. A decrease in the number of falls therefore is expected to be particularly beneficial for(More)
Falls are a common complication after stroke, with balance and gait deficits being the most important risk factors. Taking into account the specific needs and capacities of people with stroke, we developed the FALLS program (FALL prevention after Stroke), based on the "Nijmegen falls prevention program" (a proven-effective 5-week exercise program designed(More)
Osteoporosis is a well-established risk factor for fall-related hip fractures. Training fall arrest strategies, such as martial arts (MA) fall techniques, might be useful to prevent hip fractures in persons with osteoporosis, provided that the training itself is safe. This study was conducted to determine whether MA fall training would be safe for persons(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate factors that could lead to falls in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Hospital. PARTICIPANTS Patients with RA (n=15) and age- and sex-matched controls (n=15; mean ± SD age, 60.5 ± 7.1y). INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Performance of participants on a step task.(More)
There exist many methods to prove the correctness of applications and verify the source code. GROOVE (GRaphs for Object-Oriented VErification) is a tool that can do such verifications, but the input graph models have to be created by hand. Currently, there exist some tools to generate models from Java source code, such as Bandera, but these tools do not(More)