Ellen R. Brooks

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Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a methylated L: -arginine (Arg) derivative is associated with endothelial dysfunction, vasoconstriction, and hypertension in animals and humans. We examined the relationship between these derivatives, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and awake (AW) and asleep (AS) blood pressure (BP) load in children and(More)
BACKGROUND Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) and idiopathic hypercalciuria (IHC) are stone-forming diseases that may result in the formation of calcium (Ca) oxalate (Ox) stones, nephrocalcinosis, and progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). Poorer clinical outcome in PH1 is segregated by the highest urine (Ur)-Ox (UrOx), while IHC outcomes are not(More)
BACKGROUND The arginine derivatives asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) interfere with endothelial nitric oxide synthesis. Plasma ADMA and SDMA have been shown to be risk factors for cardiovascular disease and/or kidney function deterioration in a variety of patient populations. METHODS We developed a method to(More)
Estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) has become popular in clinical medicine as an alternative to measured GFR (mGFR), but there are few studies comparing them in clinical practice. We determined mGFR by iohexol clearance in 81 consecutive children in routine practice and calculated eGFR from 14 standard equations using serum creatinine, cystatin C,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the facts that approximately half of postmenopausal women will sustain an osteoporosis-related fracture and 15% will sustain a hip fracture in their lifetime, 75% of American women between the ages of 45 and 75 years have never discussed osteoporosis with their physician. OBJECTIVE This case-based review addresses screening for(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of our study were to: (1) assess if changes in the volemic status of children and adolescents over the course of standard dialysis could be observed using bioelectric impedance (BIA); and (2) evaluate whether the variability of blood pressure (systolic blood pressure, SBP; diastolic blood pressure, DBP) and heart rate (HR) could be(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Poor growth is a consequence of CKD, but can often be partially or fully prevented or corrected with the use of a number of medications. The extent of nonadherence with medications used to treat or mitigate growth failure in CKD has not been examined prospectively in children with CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
Childhood chronic kidney disease (CHD) poses multiple threats to bone accrual; however, the associated fracture risk is not well characterized. This prospective cohort study included 537 CKD in Children (CKiD) participants. Fracture histories were obtained at baseline, at years 1, 3, and 5 through November 1, 2009, and annually thereafter. We used Cox(More)
The increasing prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United States demands a closer evaluation of and attention to associated morbidities, and, particularly, the rising mortality related to cardiovascular disease in all age groups. Patients with CKD demonstrate an increased risk of coronary artery disease due to calcium deposition and subsequent(More)
Elevated plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level is a hallmark of altered left ventricular (LV) structure and function. Measurement of circulating BNP has proved to be a sensitive and specific diagnostic test for congestive heart failure (CHF) and coronary syndrome in adults. Further, BNP levels constitute a strong predictive marker for future(More)