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Developmental instability (DI) is the sensitivity of a developing trait to random noise and can be measured by degrees of directionally random asymmetry [fluctuating asymmetry (FA)]. FA has been shown to increase with loss of genetic variation and inbreeding as measures of genetic stress, but associations vary among studies. Directional selection and(More)
The deep-sea hypersaline anoxic basins (DHABs) of the Mediterranean (water depth ~3500 m) are some of the most extreme oceanic habitats known. Brines of DHABs are nearly saturated with salt, leading many to suspect they are uninhabitable for eukaryotes. While diverse bacterial and protistan communities are reported from some DHAB haloclines and brines,(More)
The diffraction patterns of particles which have the shape of hollow spheres, i.e. vesicles, can be satisfactorily analyzed by means of a new formula of Weick (1974). This formula is used for the small angle X-ray scattering analysis of aqueous suspensions of thylakoids of Rhodopseudomonas spheroides. Some essential results are: (a) The membrane has a(More)
Along a west-to-east axis spanning the Galicia Bank region (Iberian margin) and the Mediterranean basin, a reduction in surface primary productivity and in seafloor flux of particulate organic carbon was mirrored in the in situ organic matter quantity and quality within the underlying deep-sea sediments at different water depths (1200, 1900 and 3000 m).(More)
Citation: De Smet B, Pape E, Riehl T, Bonifácio P, Colson L and Vanreusel A (2017) The Community Structure of Deep-Sea Macrofauna Associated with Polymetallic Nodules in the Eastern Part of the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. Front. Mar. Sci. 4:103. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00103 The Community Structure of Deep-Sea Macrofauna Associated with Polymetallic(More)
Although the l iqu id c rys ta l l ine concept of b~ological membranes is widely accepted, the relat ionship between molecular structure of the i r constituents (e.g. alkyl chain length of l i p ids , type of the i r polar groups) and the mesomorphic properties remains to a great extend unresolved, We investigated the phase transi t ions and order(More)
Diffraction patterns of stacked hemolyzed erythrocyte ghosts in the wet state were recorded. Three orders of a surprisingly high first-order periodicity of 600 A were detected. The scattering curves were evaluated by the Q-function method, including lattice distortions of the one-dimensional multilamellar system. The resulting electron density profile of(More)
Biogeosciences Discussions This discussion paper is/has been under review for the journal Biogeosciences (BG). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in BG if available. Abstract Alongside a primary productivity gradient between the Galicia Bank region in the northeast Atlantic and the more oligotrophic eastern Mediterranean basin, we investigated(More)
The direct determination of the electron density distributions of multilayered specimens with a small number of unit cells from X-ray small angle scattering experiments via the Q-function method of Hosemann and Bagchi includes the deconvolution of the so-called Q(o)-function, the generalized Patterson function of one unit cell. In this paper a new and(More)