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OBJECTIVES While promoter hypermethylation is a common molecular alteration of human colorectal cancer that could be detected in the bloodstream, we tested the feasibility of quantitative detection of aberrant DNA methylation in multiple genes in the serum samples of colorectal cancer patients. METHODS The pre-therapeutic serum samples of 49 colorectal(More)
In a three-stage genome-wide association study among East Asian women including 22,780 cases and 24,181 controls, we identified 3 genetic loci newly associated with breast cancer risk, including rs4951011 at 1q32.1 (in intron 2 of the ZC3H11A gene; P=8.82×10(-9)), rs10474352 at 5q14.3 (near the ARRDC3 gene; P=1.67×10(-9)) and rs2290203 at 15q26.1 (in intron(More)
The role of secreted frizzled-related protein (SFRP) genes in gastric cancer remains largely unknown. We determined the frequency and functional significance of SFRPs hypermethylation in human gastric cancer. The expression and methylation status of four SFRP members (SFRP1, 2, 4, and 5) in primary gastric cancer samples was screened. The biological effects(More)
The forkhead transcription factor FOXM1 has a key role in DNA damage response, and its deregulated overexpression is associated with genotoxic drug resistance in breast cancer. However, little is known about the posttranslational mechanisms by which FOXM1 expression is regulated by genotoxic agents and how they are deregulated in resistant cells. Initial(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokine gene polymorphisms and Helicobacter pylori (HP) genotypes have been linked to gastric cancer development in Western countries. We determined the role of host cytokine polymorphisms and bacterial virulent factors in the development of gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM) in a Chinese population with a high background gastric cancer(More)
PURPOSE Promoter hypermethylation of E-cadherin plays an important role on gastric cancer development. Whereas E-cadherin methylation was frequently detected in the stomach of Helicobacter pylori-infected individuals, we tested whether eradication of H. pylori alters the methylation status of the noncancerous gastric epithelium. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
and clinical application of high performance liquid chromatography for the simultaneous determination of plasma levels of theophylline and its metabolites without interference from caffeine. Determination of theophylline and its metabolites in biological samples by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. method for the determination of urinary caffeine(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of fecal DNA is a promising approach to colorectal cancer screening. However, the sensitivity of current fecal DNA tests for colorectal polyps is low. We evaluated the feasibility of detecting aberrantly methylated DNA or cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA in feces of patients with colorectal cancer or polyps. METHODS Fecal samples were(More)
Gene promoter hypermethylation is increasingly recognized to play an important role in cancer development through silencing of gene transcription. This study determined the methylation profiles of primary colorectal cancers and adenomas to elucidate the role of epigenetic changes in different stages of colorectal carcinogenesis. We examined the methylation(More)
FOXM1 is implicated in genotoxic drug resistance but its mechanism of action remains elusive. We show here that FOXM1-depletion can sensitize breast cancer cells and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) into entering epirubicin-induced senescence, with the loss of long-term cell proliferation ability, the accumulation of γH2AX foci, and the induction of(More)