Ellen P.M.W. van der Meer-Prins

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BACKGROUND The crossreactivity of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 3A [EBNA3A])-specific CD8 T cells against allogeneic human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B*44:02 has been shown to be dependent on presentation of self-peptide EEYLQAFTY by the target antigen. In this study, we report that allogeneic HLA-B*44:02 proximal tubular(More)
BACKGROUND Allo-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) reactivity by naturally acquired viral-specific memory T cells is common. However, the effect of successful vaccination on the alloreactive memory T-cell repertoire is unclear. We hypothesized that vaccination could specifically induce allo-HLA-reactive memory T cells. METHODS A varicella-zoster virus (VZV)(More)
The immunogenicity of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2 versus HLA-A28 was analyzed by antibody production, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) induction, and graft survival. We observed that an HLA-A2 mismatched child in HLA-A28 women leads to HLA-A2 specific antibodies in 32% of the women (n=31), whereas in the case of an HLA-A28 child and HLA-A2 women (n=30), no(More)
Some transplant centers consider paternal HLA antigens as unacceptable mismatches for mothers awaiting kidney transplantation. It is feared that a pregnancy may cause priming of the maternal immune response directed toward paternal HLA antigens. Should a woman receive an organ from a donor who shares those paternal HLA antigens, the risk of graft rejection(More)
Transplantation of isolated islet of Langerhans cells has great potential as a cure for type 1 diabetes but continuous immune suppressive therapy often causes considerable side effects. Tapering of immunosuppression in successfully transplanted patients would lower patients' health risk. To identify immune biomarkers that may prove informative in monitoring(More)
We analysed the cellular immune response in ten transplantations of different massive bone allografts, of which five had a poor clinical outcome. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and T helper lymphocytes (TH) against mismatched donor antigens were found in all patients. More importantly, CTL with a high affinity for donor antigens were found in five cases.(More)
Recent data suggest that the favorable effect of pretransplant blood transfusion (BT) on transplant outcome depends on the HLA match. HLA-DR or haplotype shared transfusions lead to transplantation tolerance, and HLA-mismatched BT leads to immunization. The immunological mechanism involved is still unknown. To investigate the effect of HLA compatibility(More)
The ability to directly measure virus-specific lymphocytes using fluorochrome-labeled tetrameric complexes has proven a great advancement for the transplantation field. Viral peptide/HLA tetrameric complexes allow the rapid generation of virus-specific clones using single cell sorting apparatus, permitting the determination of alloreactivity from a single(More)
Viral infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and there are few therapeutic options available to augment a virus-specific T cell response. Although allo-HLA cross-reactivity from virus-specific memory T cells is common, it is unclear whether priming with specific allogeneic cells could conversely elicit a viral peptide/self-HLA restricted(More)
BACKGROUND In cadaveric renal transplantation HLA-A, -B, -DR matching of donor and recipient is beneficial for graft survival. However, allocation based on HLA matching seems to favor recipients with more frequently occurring HLA antigens. In this study we investigated whether matching on the basis of cross-reactive groups (CREGs), defined according to the(More)