Ellen N. Spremulli

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It has been known for many decades that certain murine and human cancers can spontaneously mature to benign tissue. These observations have stimulated investigators to attempt to induce a state of more normal or benign differentiation in cancer cells using biologic substances or chemicals. Polar solvents including dimethylsulfoxide, dimethylformamide, and(More)
The effects of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and N-methyl-formamide (NMF) on the growth of two human colon cancer cell lines xenografted in nude mice were assessed. Toxicological studies with mice heterozygous for the nu/nu gene showed that with both compounds the limiting organ toxicity was hepatic. The 10% lethal doses for DMF and NMF given i.p. daily for(More)
This study reports the use of radiolabeled antibodies to alpha-fetoprotein for the detection and localization of hepatocellular and germ cell carcinomas. Twelve patients with histories of histologically-confirmed neoplasia received a total dose between 1.0 and 4.4 mCi of 131I-labeled goat IgG prepared against human alpha-fetoprotein. Total-body photoscans(More)
Heterogeneity within malignant neoplasms, although described for many years by pathologists, has only recently been extensively studied in the laboratory. It is now accepted that most tumors are composed of subpopulations of cells that differ in many phenotypic characteristics including the ability to form a metastasis. Cells with the capacity to(More)
The human colon carcinoma cell line DLD-1, established from tumor tissue obtained from a 45 year old white man with an adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon, was studied from the perspective of tumor heterogeneity. The karyotype and morphology of cells from an early passage DLD-1 culture, as well as the histologic features of both the original tumor and(More)
The toxicology and pharmacology of formycin both as a single agent and combined with the adenosine deaminase inhibitor 2'-deoxycoformycin (dCF) were examined in outbred Swiss mice heterozygous for the nude gene (nu/+). The LD10 for formycin alone given on a daily x 5 schedule was 21 mg/kg. When the animals were pretreated with 1 mg/kg of dCF 1 hour prior to(More)
Two separate cell lines originating from distinct metastatic deposits in a patient with a primary colonic carcinoma have been established both in vivo and in vitro. One metastasis, OM-1, was found in the omentum, and the other, HOT-3, was located on the ovary. These two metastases differ in several significant characteristics, including growth kinetics and(More)
In a randomized study 115 postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer who were estrogen receptor-unknown or -positive were treated initially with tamoxifen or diethylstilbestrol (DES). Their pretreatment characteristics showed no significant difference. The frequency of response was identical with tamoxifen and DES, showing a complete response rate of(More)