Ellen Muehlhoff

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OBJECTIVE To assess the school food environment in terms of breakfast consumption, school meals, learners' lunch box, school vending and classroom activities related to nutrition. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SETTING Ninety purposively selected poorly resourced schools in South Africa. SUBJECTS Questionnaires were completed by school principals (n(More)
School-based health and nutrition interventions in developing countries aim at improving children's nutrition and learning ability. In addition to the food and health inputs, children need access to education that is relevant to their lives, of good quality, and effective in its approach. Based on evidence from the Zambia Nutrition Education in Basic(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate young child feeding practices are influenced by a multitude of factors which affect growth and development. A combination of indicators is needed to explain the role of complementary feeding practices in growth retardation. METHODS A cross-sectional nutrition baseline survey was conducted in rural Cambodia in September 2012. Villages(More)
BACKGROUND For the optimal nutrition of children under 2 years of age, it is considered important that they be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months before being given complementary food. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES A cross-sectional nutritional baseline survey was undertaken in 2011 in the Kasungu and Mzimba Districts of Malawi to assess the nutritional(More)
BACKGROUND To reverse the trend of rising child obesity rates in many middle-income countries, recommendations include increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Schools can positively impact children's eating behavior, and multicomponent interventions that include the curriculum, school food environments, and parental involvement are most effective. (More)
11 2.1 Trends in food consumption patterns – the role of livestock and dairy products 11 2.2 Drivers of increasing consumption of milk and livestock products 20 2.3 Trends in milk production patterns 22 2.4 Effects of technological changes on milk production and processing 26 2.5 Trends in international trade in livestock products 28 2.6 Future trends in(More)
Agriculture and food systems play a central role in nutrition by supplying nutritious, healthy and affordable foods. When integrated with nutrition education for behaviour change, agricultural interventions that supply diverse affordable foods from all food groups have great scope for improving young child and family diets. In 2014, process reviews were(More)
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