Ellen Muehlhoff

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BACKGROUND To reverse the trend of rising child obesity rates in many middle-income countries, recommendations include increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Schools can positively impact children's eating behavior, and multicomponent interventions that include the curriculum, school food environments, and parental involvement are most effective. (More)
BACKGROUND For the optimal nutrition of children under 2 years of age, it is considered important that they be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months before being given complementary food. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES A cross-sectional nutritional baseline survey was undertaken in 2011 in the Kasungu and Mzimba Districts of Malawi to assess the nutritional(More)
School-based health and nutrition interventions in developing countries aim at improving children's nutrition and learning ability. In addition to the food and health inputs, children need access to education that is relevant to their lives, of good quality, and effective in its approach. Based on evidence from the Zambia Nutrition Education in Basic(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate young child feeding practices are influenced by a multitude of factors which affect growth and development. A combination of indicators is needed to explain the role of complementary feeding practices in growth retardation. METHODS A cross-sectional nutrition baseline survey was conducted in rural Cambodia in September 2012. Villages(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the school food environment in terms of breakfast consumption, school meals, learners' lunch box, school vending and classroom activities related to nutrition. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SETTING Ninety purposively selected poorly resourced schools in South Africa. SUBJECTS Questionnaires were completed by school principals (n(More)
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