Ellen M. Morrison

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Mycotoxins are naturally occurring toxic secondary metabolites of fungi that may be present in food and feed. Several of these mycotoxins have been associated with human and animal diseases. Fusarium species, found worldwide in cereals and other food types for human and animal consumption, are the most important toxigenic fungi in northern temperate(More)
The in vitro effect of combinations of the Penicillium mycotoxins citrinin (CIT), cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), ochratoxin A (OTA), patulin (PAT), penicillic acid (PIA) and roquefortine C (RQC) on mitogen induced lymphocyte proliferation was determined using purified lymphocytes from six piglets. Dose–response curves for each mycotoxin and mycotoxin(More)
The cytotoxicity and secondary metabolites of 28 Norwegian strains of Fusarium equiseti have been characterized. Trichothecenes and fusarochromanone (FUCH) in rice culture extracts of the strains were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The following metabolites were found in all(More)
The in vitro effect of each of the Penicillium mycotoxins citrinin (CIT), cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), ochratoxin A (OTA), patulin (PAT), penicillic acid (PIA) and roquefortine C (RQC) on mitogen induced lymphocyte proliferation was determined using purified lymphocytes from 6 piglets. Dose response curves for each mycotoxin were generated and the(More)
Lythrum salicaria L., purple loosestrife, an invasive Eurasian perennial, is degrading wetlands across temperate North America. Chemical, physical, and mechanical methods failed to provide long-term control. Therefore, four host-specific insect species (two leaf feeders, a root feeder, and a flower feeder) were introduced as biological control agents. To(More)
Biased selection can threaten the viability of multiple choice health systems unless payments to particular plans are adjusted to offset risk differences among employees. We report the results of a study designed to predict medical care utilization and expenditures for groups of fee-for-service plan (FFS) and health maintenance organization (HMO) enrollees,(More)
The present findings suggest that the trend toward greater diversification of hospital services is likely to be most strongly influenced by state Medicaid policies and certain hospital characteristics. Increasing Medicaid eligibility and payment levels is likely to have a positive effect on services diversification. Growth in the number of inpatient(More)
1. Rats were deprived of food for periods of from 0 to 40 h and then given 203Pb, 203Hg, 59Fe, 64Cu, 65Zn or 45Ca by stomach tube. The absorption and retention of these metals in tissues was measured 1 h and 2 d after dosing. 2. After 16-24 h of food deprivation between two and ten times more metal was retained than after 0-12 h. 3. The effects of length of(More)
Throughout the past decade, health maintenance organizations (HMOs) were buffeted by dramatic regulatory and competitive changes. In this article, literature of the 1980s is reviewed to update our knowledge on the HMO industry and to suggest future research. The influence of intensified competition on these organizations and the determinants of market(More)