Ellen M. Kellner

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While most Ascomycetes tend to associate principally with plants, the dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii are primary pathogens of immunocompetent mammals, including humans. Infection results from environmental exposure to Coccidiodies, which is believed to grow as a soil saprophyte in arid deserts. To investigate hypotheses(More)
Coccidioides posadasii and Coccidioides immitis are dimorphic, soil-dwelling pathogenic ascomycetes endemic to the southwestern United States. Infection can result from inhalation of a very few arthroconidia, but following natural infection, long-lived immunity is the norm. Previous work in the field has shown that spherule-derived vaccines afford more(More)
1,3-beta-Glucan synthase is responsible for the synthesis of beta-glucan, an essential cell wall structural component in most fungi. We sought to determine whether Coccidioides posadasii possesses genes homologous to known fungal FKS genes that encode the catalytic subunit of 1,3-beta-glucan synthase. A single gene, designated FKS1, was identified, and(More)
Tetraspanins are small membrane proteins that belong to a superfamily encompassing 33 members in human and mouse. These proteins act as organizers of membrane-signalling complexes. So far only two tetraspanin families have been identified in fungi. These are Pls1, which is required for pathogenicity of the plant pathogenic ascomycetes, Magnaporthe grisea,(More)
The protein Mga (mga), which is required for transcription of several virulence genes of group A streptococci (GAS), including the antiphagocytic M protein, was suggested to act as the response regulator element of a bacterial two-component pathway. To investigate whether a gene encoding a cognate sensor protein is located upstream of mga, 3.1 kb of DNA 5'(More)
A Bacillus subtilis mutant that produced glutamine synthetase (GS) with altered sensitivity to DL-methionine sulfoximine was isolated. The mutation, designated glnA33, was due to a T.A-to-C.G transition, changing valine to alanine at codon 190 within the active-site C domain. Altered regulation was observed for GS activity and antigen and mRNA levels in a(More)
Coccidioidomycosis is a mild to life-threatening disease in otherwise healthy humans and other mammals caused by the fungus Coccidioides spp. Understanding the development of the unique dimorphic life cycle of Coccidioides spp. and its role in pathogenesis has been an area of research focus. However, nuclear behavior during the saprobic and parasitic life(More)
Conidiophore morphogenesis in Aspergillus nidulans occurs in response to developmental signals that result in the activation of brlA, a well-characterized gene that encodes a transcription factor that is central to asexual development. Loss-of-function mutations in flbD and other fluffy loci have previously been shown to result in delayed development and(More)
The physiology of ammonia assimilation enzymes was examined inBacillus sp. FE-1, a thermophilic marine bacterium. Glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamate synthase (GOGAT) activities varied with the nitrogen source present in the medium, ranging as much as 10-fold for the former and 2.5-fold for the latter. Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) was detected but,(More)
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