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UNLABELLED This article presents data on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among American Indian adolescents, using DSM-III-R criteria. OBJECTIVE To generate current prevalence data using a structured diagnostic instrument, the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Version 2.1C (DISC-2.1C). METHODS Youths from a Northern Plains tribe who had(More)
American Indian adolescents have two to four times the rate of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) compared to whites nationally, they shoulder twice the proportion of AIDS compared to their national counterparts, and they have a 25% higher level of teen births. Yet little is known about the contemporary expectations, pressures, and norms that influence(More)
Substance use often begins earlier among American Indians compared to the rest of the United States, a troubling reality that puts Native youth at risk for escalating and problematic use. We need to understand more fully patterns of emergent substance use among young American Indian adolescents, risk factors associated with escalating use trajectories, and(More)
"Although released by NOAA, the information in this paper does not reflect, represent, or form any part of the support of the policies of NOAA or the Department of Commerce. Further, release by NOAA does not imply that NOAA or the Department of Commerce agrees with the information contained herein." INTRODUCTION The National Marine Fisheries Service has a(More)
We assessed the effect of smoking on the clinical course of ulcerative colitis in 209 subjects by comparing disease severity in smokers and non-smokers as measured by yearly number of hospitalizations for ulcerative colitis treatment and the need for a colectomy. Hospitalization for ulcerative colitis treatment occurred less frequently in persons who smoked(More)
To assess the efficacy and acceptability of vitamin D-fortified liquid milk in the management of hypovitaminosis D we carried out a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial on 51 community-based, elderly subjects with serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels of less than 12.9 ng/ml (normal range 10-80 ng/ml). Each subject had a dietary assessment, mental(More)
BACKGROUND An explicit clinical significance (CS) criterion was added to many DSM-IV diagnoses in an attempt to more closely approximate the clinical diagnostic process and reduce the proportion of false positives in epidemiological studies. The American Indian Service Utilization, Psychiatric Epidemiology, Risk and Protective Factors Project (AI-SUPERPFP)(More)
In spite of significant disparities in sexual health outcomes for American Indian youth, no studies exist examining the effectiveness of HIV-prevention interventions. Circle of Life is an HIV-prevention intervention specifically developed for American Indian middle-school youth. We describe the rationale, methodology, and baseline results of a longitudinal(More)