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PURPOSE In randomized trials the combination of cisplatin and paclitaxel was superior to cisplatin and cyclophosphamide in advanced-stage epithelial ovarian cancer. Although in nonrandomized trials, carboplatin and paclitaxel was a less toxic and highly active combination regimen, there remained concern regarding its efficacy in patients with small-volume,(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and microvessel density were studied in cases of advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma to evaluate their usefulness as prognostic variables. Tumor samples from 18 patients with advanced stage serous epithelial ovarian cancer were evaluated for VEGF expression by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate locoregional control, disease free survival, and overall survival in patients treated with surgery and adjuvant radiation for stage II adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Secondary goals include identification of prognostic factors and the comparison of toxicity profiles after vaginal cuff brachytherapy (VB) alone or combined with pelvic(More)
Compared to extraperitoneal laparotomy, the transperitoneal approach is associated with increased enteric morbidity. Recently, transperitoneal laparoscopy has been employed as a method to surgically stage patients with gynecologic malignancies. The objective of this study was to investigate pelvic adhesion formation in a porcine model after pelvic(More)
OBJECTIVES Advanced age, pelvic surgery, and the presence of malignancy place gynecologic oncology patients at high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study was designed to systematically analyze the world's literature on VTE in these patients and determine the optimal prophylaxis regimen. METHODS Computerized searches of Pubmed, Ovid, DARE, ACP(More)
The frequency-dependent complex moduli of human uterine tissue have been characterized. Quantification of the modulus is required for developing uterine ultrasound elastography as a viable imaging modality for diagnosing and monitoring causes for abnormal uterine bleeding and enlargement, as well assessing the integrity of uterine and cervical tissue. The(More)
Few studies have assessed the long-term risks associated with the Indiana pouch continent urinary diversion after high-dose radiation therapy. A retrospective review of consecutive female patients who underwent cystectomy and Indiana pouch urinary diversion identified 12 with a history of high-dose pelvic irradiation (mean total 78.1 Gy). Long-term(More)
OBJECTIVE Uterine abnormalities, such as leiomyomas, endometrial polyps, and adenomyosis, are often clinically associated with irregular uterine bleeding. These abnormalities can have similar B-mode characteristics but require different treatment. The objective of this study was to develop diagnostic techniques based on ultrasound strain imaging that would(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the impact of preoperative hypoalbuminemia on 30-day mortality and morbidity after gynecologic cancer surgery. METHODS Patients included in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) dataset who underwent any non-emergent surgery for gynecologic malignancy between 1/1/2008 and 12/31/2010 were identified. Analysis was(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate sonohysterography in patients with endometrial cancer and to determine whether (1) transtubal fluid spill occurs during routine sonohysterography, (2) a critical infusion volume for spill exists, or (3) disseminated cancer cells demonstrate viability. STUDY DESIGN At laparotomy, sonohysterography was(More)