Ellen M. Carpenter

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Targeted disruption of the murine hox-A1 gene results in severe defects in the formation of the hindbrain and associated cranial ganglia and nerves. Carbocyanine dye injections were used to trace afferent and efferent projections to and from the hindbrain in hox-A1-/hox-A1- mutant mice. Defects were observed in the position of efferent neurons in the(More)
We used two mouse models of Huntington's disease (HD) to examine changes in glutamate receptor sensitivity and striatal electrophysiology. One model, a transgenic, consisted of mice expressing exon 1 of the human HD gene and carrying 141-157 CAG repeat sequences (R6/2 line). The second model, a CAG repeat "knockin," consisted of mice with different lengths(More)
Huntington's disease is a devastating progressive neurodegenerative illness characterized by massive neuronal loss in the striatum. It is caused by the presence of an expanded CAG repeat in the gene encoding huntingtin, a protein of unknown function. We have examined the expression of neurotransmitters and other antigens present in striatal neurons with(More)
The spinal cord is differentiated along the rostrocaudal axis into large domains with regional distinctions reflected in the position and projection of specific cell types. Spinal cord patterning is likely to be mediated by the local expression and activity of transcription factors. This review will examine the expression of one class of transcription(More)
REGA-1 is a glycoprotein localized to sheath cell processes in the developing CNS when NBs are producing progeny and neurons are maturing and extending processes. It is also present on a subset of muscles and on the lumenal surface of the ectoderm in the embryonic appendages when pioneer neurons are growing into the CNS. REGA-1 is associated with the(More)
L1 is a cell adhesion molecule associated with axonal outgrowth, fasciculation, and guidance during development and injury. In this study, we examined the long-term effects of spinal cord injury with and without exercise on the re-expression of L1 throughout the rat spinal cord. Spinal cords from control rats were compared to those from rats receiving(More)
Targeted disruption of the Hoxd-10 gene, a 5' member of the mouse HoxD linkage group, produces mice with hindlimb-specific defects in gait and adduction. To determine the underlying causes of this locomotor defect, mutant mice were examined for skeletal, muscular and neural abnormalities. Mutant mice exhibit alterations in the vertebral column and in the(More)
We report a case of chronic recurrent clavicular osteomyelitis in association with Crohn disease. Steroid therapy resulted in partial remission; however, intractable shoulder pain and an enlarging clavicular mass subsequently recurred. Infliximab therapy resulted in significant improvement in the degree of bone pain and resolution of the large sclerotic(More)
The paralogous Hox genes Hoxa10 and Hoxd10 are expressed in overlapping domains in the developing lumbar spinal cord and surrounding mesoderm. Independent inactivation of these two genes alters the trajectory of spinal nerves and decreases the complement of motor neurons present in the lumbar spinal cord, whereas dual inactivation of these two genes has(More)
Neural tube patterning in vertebrates is controlled in part by locally secreted factors that act in a paracrine manner on nearby cells to regulate proliferation and gene expression. We show here by in situ hybridization that genes for the neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) and one of its high-affinity receptors (PAC1) are(More)