Ellen J M van Kan

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The pH dependence of the antimicrobial and membrane activity of clavanin A, a peptide antibiotic that is rich in histidines and glycines, was analyzed in growth and membrane leakage experiments. Clavanin A more effectively inhibited the growth of the test organism Lactobacillus sake when the pH of the medium was lowered. Whereas the wild-type peptide(More)
The peptide antibiotic clavanin A (VFQFLGKIIHHVGNFVHGFSHVF-NH(2)) is rich in histidine and glycine residues. In this study the antimicrobial activity and membrane activity of wild-type clavanin A and seven Gly --> Ala mutants thereof were investigated. Clavanin A effectively killed the test microorganism Micrococcus flavus and permeabilized its cytoplasmic(More)
In this study the interaction of the antimicrobial peptide clavanin A with phosphatidylcholine bilayers is investigated by DSC, NMR, and AFM techniques. It is shown that the peptide interacts strongly and specifically with the lipids, resulting in increased order-disorder phase transition temperatures, phase separation, altered acyl chain and headgroup(More)
Clavanin A is a special antimicrobial peptide that acts at the level of the membrane via a pH-dependent mechanism. At neutral pH, clavanin disrupts biological and model membranes in a nonspecific manner, causing efflux of large molecules. At mildly acidic conditions, however, the peptide efficiently kills bacteria by permeabilizing their membrane most(More)
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