Ellen I Schafheutle

Learn More
BACKGROUND During a patient's stay on a surgical ward, nurses hold a great deal of responsibility for pain management, especially when analgesics are prescribed on a PRN ('as needed') basis. Despite the availability of effective analgesics and new technologies for drug administration, studies continue to demonstrate suboptimal pain management. AIM OF THE(More)
The present paper explores how charges for medicines incurred by patients influence their decisions for managing acute or chronic conditions, and whether prescription cost and affordability issues are discussed in the general practitioner (GP)-patient encounter. People suffering from dyspepsia, hay fever or hypertension, or those taking hormone replacement(More)
INTRODUCTION Studies have demonstrated that co-payments on medication reduce the consumption of both non-essential and essential drugs, and that the latter can lead to worse health outcomes. Far less is known about how patients cope with the cost of medication, particularly if affordability is an issue, and how this compares across two countries with(More)
BACKGROUND Some UK evidence exists, which suggests that the cost of prescription charges can pose a barrier to accessing medication. However, little evidence exists on patients' more general views on the policy of prescription charges. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to explore the views of nonexempt patients, suffering from chronic conditions(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand and clarify how professionalism is learnt, cultivated and facilitated in pharmacy education. METHODS Qualitative methodology involving three UK schools of pharmacy was used, including documentary analysis of course materials, interviews with seven teaching staff, six focus groups with 38 final-year pharmacy students and observation(More)
OBJECTIVES To undertake a review of peer-reviewed literature to explore factors affecting pharmacists' performance. METHODS The following databases were searched: Medline, Embase, Scopus, ISI Web of Knowledge and PsychInfo. Inclusion criteria were: English language only, published between 1990 and 2010 and published in the United Kingdom (UK), United(More)
Pharmacists now offer increasing levels and ranges of clinical, diagnostic and public health services, which may require a pharmacist to be absent from the pharmacy premises. Currently, in the UK, many pharmacy activities legally require the direct supervision and physical presence of the pharmacist. This study aimed to explore the potential for changes to(More)
New contractual frameworks for community pharmacy are believed to have increased workload for pharmacists; too much work has been implicated in high profile cases of dispensing errors leading to patient harm, and concerns about pharmacists' well-being. A review was undertaken to ascertain whether community pharmacists' workload has increased and whether(More)
BACKGROUND Revalidation is about assuring that health practitioners remain up to date and fit to practice, and demonstrating that they continue to meet the requirements of their professional regulator. OBJECTIVES To critically discuss issues that need to be considered when designing a system of revalidation for pharmacy professionals. Although providing(More)
BACKGROUND The number of non-prescription medicines (NPMs) available for self-medication is increasing within the European Union (EU). This can enhance the autonomy of individuals but is also connected with risks. Under an existing EU Directive, Sweden has only recently deregulated and made NPMs available in non-pharmacy outlets; The United Kingdom (UK) is(More)