Ellen H. Edwards

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Point-of-care testing (POCT) is one of the fastest growing sectors of laboratory diagnostics. Most tests in routine use are haematology or biochemistry tests that are of low complexity. Microbiology POCT has been constrained by a lack of tests that are both accurate and of low complexity. We describe our experience of the practical issues around using more(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the accuracy, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and optical immunoassay (OIA) rapid tests for maternal group B streptococcal (GBS) colonisation at labour. DESIGN A test accuracy study was used to determine the accuracy of rapid tests for GBS colonisation of women in labour. Acceptability of(More)
In this article we have reviewed the evidence that implicates the organization and incorporation of mural thrombi as a significant component of atherosclerotic plaque growth in man. It has been emphasized that there is little or no evidence for a pathogenic role for thrombosis in plaque initiation or for the development of fatty streaks. We have suggested(More)
The experiments reported in this paper were undertaken to explore the interaction of tritiated H2DIDS (4,4′-diisothiocyano-1,2,diphenyl ethane-2,2′-disulfonic acid) with Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Addition of (3H)H2DIDS to tumor cell suspension at 21°C, pH 7.3, resulted in: (i) rapid reversible binding which increased with time and (ii) inhibition of(More)
This synopsis emphasizes the inappropriateness of a "single stimulus-single response" approach in understanding the response of the arterial wall to injury and repair. The outcome of any injurious stimulus is a series of interactive cascades among the endogenous and exogenous cellular and non-cellular components of the arterial wall, and the cellular and(More)
This article has addressed the roles of the monocyte-macrophage in atherogenesis and factors influencing monocyte recruitment to the intima. The diversity of the secretory products of the macrophage and their putative participatory roles in pathogenesis have been reviewed and discussed. Additionally, we have presented summary data on the monocyte(More)
Atherosclerosis is conceptually defined as the result of a multiplicity of interactive cascades among injurious stimuli and the healing responses of the arterial wall, occurring concurrently within a hyperlipidemic environment. In this discussion, the inflammatory nature of the disease is emphasized. Four aspects of the pathophysiology of atherogenesis are(More)
Castanospermine, a plant alkaloid that inhibits the glycoprotein processing enzyme glucosidase I, has been used to inhibit N-linked oligosaccharide modification, resulting in the production of glycoproteins having Glc3Man7-9(GlcNAc)2 oligosaccharides. This alkaloid caused a significant inhibition of LDL endocytosis in cultured primate smooth muscle cells(More)
Sialic acids, occupying a terminal position in cell surface glycoconjugates, are major contributors to the net negative charge of the vascular endothelial cell surface. As integral membrane glycoproteins, LDL receptors also bear terminal sialic acid residues. Pretreatment of near-confluent, cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) with neuraminidase(More)