Ellen Gielen

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The plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells exhibits lateral inhomogeneities, mainly containing cholesterol and sphingomyelin, which provide liquid-ordered microdomains (lipid "rafts") that segregate membrane components. Rafts are thought to modulate the biological functions of molecules that become associated with them, and as such, they appear to be involved(More)
The plasma membrane of various mammalian cell types is heterogeneous in structure and may contain microdomains, which can impose constraints on the lateral diffusion of its constituents. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) can be used to investigate the dynamic properties of the plasma membrane of living cells. Very recently, Wawrezinieck et al.(More)
The heterogeneity in composition and interaction within the cellular membrane translates into a wide range of diffusion coefficients of its constituents. Therefore, several complementary microfluorimetric techniques such as fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and single-particle tracking (SPT) have(More)
Cytokines, such as interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), can initiate dual effects resulting in either cell growth or cell death. In this study, the human oligodendroglial cell lines HOG and MO3.13 were used as a model to study the molecular mechanisms of cytokine-induced cell death in human oligodendrocytes. We have(More)
Many membrane proteins and lipids are partially confined in substructures ranging from tens of nanometers to micrometers in size. Evidence for heterogeneities in the membrane of oligodendrocytes, i.e. the myelin-producing cells of the central nervous system, is almost exclusively based on detergent methods. However, as application of detergents can alter(More)
Evidence has been accumulated that the plasma membrane of various mammalian cell types is heterogeneous in structure and may contain lipid microdomains (lipid rafts). This study focuses on the membrane organization of living oligodendrocytes, which are the myelin-producing cells of the central nervous system. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) was(More)
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