Ellen G M Smit

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OBJECTIVES This study examined the relationship between acculturation and leisure-time physical inactivity among Mexican American adults. METHODS Using data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we estimated the prevalence of physical inactivity according to place of birth and language used at home. RESULTS Spanish-speaking(More)
CONTEXT Alterations in serum lipid values have been widely reported among persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), but no data have yet been reported on changes from preseroconversion lipid values. OBJECTIVE To describe changes in serum cholesterol levels associated with HIV(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association of cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in older men. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The study included 2797 men participating in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), who were aged > or = 60 years. During an interview, LUTS,(More)
Limited information is available regarding physical activity (PA) and its assessment in Hispanics living with HIV. This study compared self-reported PA using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) with objectively measured PA using the ActiGraph accelerometer and DigiWalker pedometer in 58 Hispanic adults with HIV. IPAQ was administered(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the sources of protein intake in a sample of the US adult population and among subgroups defined by race-ethnicity, age, and gender. DESIGN The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1991, is a stratified random sample of the total civilian noninstitutionalized population, drawn from the 50 United States and the(More)
The crosstalk between coagulation and inflammation and the propensity for microthromboembolic disease during sepsis calls for anticoagulant measures to prevent tissue hypoxygenation and to attenuate organ damage and dysfunction. Only one anticoagulant, recombinant human activated protein C (aPC, drotrecogin-alpha) has a proven survival benefit when used as(More)
BACKGROUND The illicit use of prescription stimulants (IUPS) has emerged as a high-risk behavior of the 21st century college student. As the study of IUPS is relatively new, we aimed to understand (1) characteristics of IUPS (i.e., initiation, administration routes, drug sources, motives, experiences), and (2) theory-guided intrapersonal, interpersonal, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Among postmenopausal women, those with diabetes experience more cardiovascular diseases than those without diabetes. We examine the relationship of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with indicators of lipid and glucose metabolism using a national sample of diabetic and nondiabetic postmenopausal women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used data(More)
BACKGROUND Dairy foods and their constituents (lactose and calcium) have been hypothesized to promote ovarian carcinogenesis. Although case-control studies have reported conflicting results for dairy foods and lactose, several cohort studies have shown positive associations between skim milk, lactose, and ovarian cancer. METHODS A pooled analysis of the(More)