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BACKGROUND Dairy foods and their constituents (lactose and calcium) have been hypothesized to promote ovarian carcinogenesis. Although case-control studies have reported conflicting results for dairy foods and lactose, several cohort studies have shown positive associations between skim milk, lactose, and ovarian cancer. METHODS A pooled analysis of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Among postmenopausal women, those with diabetes experience more cardiovascular diseases than those without diabetes. We examine the relationship of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with indicators of lipid and glucose metabolism using a national sample of diabetic and nondiabetic postmenopausal women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used data(More)
The crosstalk between coagulation and inflammation and the propensity for microthromboembolic disease during sepsis calls for anticoagulant measures to prevent tissue hypoxygenation and to attenuate organ damage and dysfunction. Only one anticoagulant, recombinant human activated protein C (aPC, drotrecogin-alpha) has a proven survival benefit when used as(More)
Because fruits and vegetables are rich in bioactive compounds with potential cancer-preventive actions, increased consumption may reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. Evidence on the association between fruit and vegetable intake and ovarian cancer risk has not been consistent. We analyzed and pooled the primary data from 12 prospective studies in North(More)
BACKGROUND No studies have addressed the "fit but fat" paradigm using accelerometry data. AIM The study was to determine if 1) higher levels of accelerometer-determined physical activity are favorably associated with biomarkers in overweight or obese persons (objective 1); and 2) overweight or obese individuals who are sufficiently active have better or(More)
OBJECTIVE To test a theory-driven model of health behavior to predict the illicit use of prescription stimulants (IUPS) among college students. PARTICIPANTS A probability sample of 554 students from one university located in California (response rate=90.52%). METHODS Students completed a paper-based survey developed with guidance from the Theory of(More)
BACKGROUND Arsenic is an immunotoxicant. Clinical reports observe the reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV) in people who have recovered from arsenic poisoning and in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia that have been treated with arsenic trioxide. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the association between arsenic and the seroprevalence of VZV IgG(More)
Delirium is a frequently occurring but often under-diagnosed and under-treated problem in the intensive care unit (ICU). It has been linked to adverse outcome, increased length of stay and higher mortality in critically ill patients. A study by Thomason and coworkers published in this issue of Critical Care deals with the issue of delirium and its(More)
BACKGROUND Gas stoves emit pollutants that are respiratory irritants. U.S. children under age 6 who live in homes where gas stoves are used for cooking or heating have an increased risk of asthma, wheeze and reduced lung function. Yet few studies have examined whether using ventilation when operating gas stoves is associated with a decrease in the(More)
Studies on the association between physical activity and fatal prostate cancer have produced inconclusive results. The Puerto Rico Heart Health Program was a cohort study of a randomly selected sample of 9824 men age 35 to 79 years at baseline who were followed for mortality until 2002. Multiple examinations collected information on lifestyle, diet, body(More)