Ellen F Sperber

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Seizures cause a persistent enhancement in dentate synaptic inhibition concurrent with, and possibly compensatory for, seizure-induced hippocampal hyperexcitability. To study this phenomenon, we evoked status epilepticus in rats with systemic kainic acid (KA), and 2 weeks later assessed granule cell inhibition with paired-pulse stimulation of the perforant(More)
Seizures in adult rats result in long-term deficits in learning and memory, as well as an enhanced susceptibility to further seizures. In contrast, fewer lasting changes have been found following seizures in rats younger than 20 days old. This age-dependency could be due to differing amounts of hippocampal neuronal damage produced by seizures at different(More)
In adult rats, intraperitoneal administration of kainic acid, a glutamic acid analog and potent neurotoxin, induces persistent seizure activity that results in electrographic alterations and neuropathology that closely resemble human temporal lobe epilepsy. We used in situ hybridization to identify regions of altered glutamate and GABAA receptor gene(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy is a common form of epilepsy in human adults and is associated with a unique pattern of damage in the hippocampus. The damage includes cell loss of the CA3 and CA4 areas and synaptic growth (sprouting) of mossy fibers in the supragranular layer of the dentate gyrus. Experimental evidence indicates that in adult rats the excitatory(More)
PURPOSE Retrospective studies suggest that adult patients with intractable epilepsy may have a history of febrile seizures in childhood. Risk factors for a febrile seizure may include the rate of increase in the core temperature (T-core), its peak (Tmax), the duration of the temperature increase, or an underlying brain pathology. Recently, neuronal(More)
PURPOSE Estrogens have neuroprotective effects in ischemia, stroke, and other conditions leading to neuronal cell death (e.g., Alzheimer's disease). The present study examined whether estrogens may have neuroprotective effects after seizures. METHODS The kainic acid model was used to determine if estrogens protect hippocampal cells after status(More)
Recent data show that neuronal migration disorders (NMD) lower the seizure threshold in the immature brain. To assess if this is an age-related phenomenon, kainic acid (KA) was administered to induce status epilepticus in adult rats with NMD. Results of the present study demonstrate that adult rats with NMD had a shorter latency to seizures and longer(More)
The mature brain is less susceptible to seizures than the immature brain. We demonstrate that in the mature substantia nigra (SN) there are two topographically discrete GABAA-sensitive regions which differ in the amount of mRNA expression of the GABAA receptor alpha 1 subunit. These two regions mediate separate anticonvulsant and proconvulsant effects and(More)
GABAergic transmission in the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNR) has an important role in the control of experimental seizures. In the flurothyl seizure model, SNR microinjection of the selective GABAA receptor agonist muscimol results in a biphasic dose-response curve in adults: Intermediate doses are anticonvulsant, but high doses have proconvulsant(More)
Studies dating back more than 150 years reported a relationship between hippocampal sclerosis and epilepsy. Retrospective studies of patients who underwent temporal lobectomy for intractable partial epilepsy found a relationship between a history of early childhood convulsions, hippocampal sclerosis, and the development of temporal lobe epilepsy. Many(More)