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Seizures cause a persistent enhancement in dentate synaptic inhibition concurrent with, and possibly compensatory for, seizure-induced hippocampal hyperexcitability. To study this phenomenon, we evoked status epilepticus in rats with systemic kainic acid (KA), and 2 weeks later assessed granule cell inhibition with paired-pulse stimulation of the perforant(More)
In adult rats, intraperitoneal administration of kainic acid, a glutamic acid analog and potent neurotoxin, induces persistent seizure activity that results in electrographic alterations and neuropathology that closely resemble human temporal lobe epilepsy. We used in situ hybridization to identify regions of altered glutamate and GABAA receptor gene(More)
Seizures in adult rats result in long-term deficits in learning and memory, as well as an enhanced susceptibility to further seizures. In contrast, fewer lasting changes have been found following seizures in rats younger than 20 days old. This age-dependency could be due to differing amounts of hippocampal neuronal damage produced by seizures at different(More)
PURPOSE Estrogens have neuroprotective effects in ischemia, stroke, and other conditions leading to neuronal cell death (e.g., Alzheimer's disease). The present study examined whether estrogens may have neuroprotective effects after seizures. METHODS The kainic acid model was used to determine if estrogens protect hippocampal cells after status(More)
Concentrations of striatal dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT) and their metabolites were measured following infusions of the GABAA receptor agonist, muscimol, or GABAA receptor antagonist, bicuculline, into the substantia nigra (SN) or areas dorsal to the SN in adult rats and 16-day-old rat pups. Results indicated that intranigral infusions of muscimol(More)
Temporal lobe epilepsy is a common form of epilepsy in human adults and is associated with a unique pattern of damage in the hippocampus. The damage includes cell loss of the CA3 and CA4 areas and synaptic growth (sprouting) of mossy fibers in the supragranular layer of the dentate gyrus. Experimental evidence indicates that in adult rats the excitatory(More)
PURPOSE Retrospective studies suggest that adult patients with intractable epilepsy may have a history of febrile seizures in childhood. Risk factors for a febrile seizure may include the rate of increase in the core temperature (T-core), its peak (Tmax), the duration of the temperature increase, or an underlying brain pathology. Recently, neuronal(More)
In adult rats, kainic acid-induced status epilepticus markedly reduces GluR2 (the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid, AMPA subunit that limits Ca2+ permeability), receptor mRNA in the vulnerable CA3 and may contribute to delayed neurodegeneration. In rat pups resistant to kainate seizure-induced hippocampal neurodegeneration by silver(More)
PURPOSE Nutritional insults early in life have a profound and often permanent effect on the development of the central nervous system. A direct relationship between malnutrition and epilepsy has not been established; however, it is believed that inadequate nutrition may predispose the brain to seizures. This study was designed to determine whether(More)
Status epilepticus and repeated seizures have age-dependent morphological and neurophysiological alterations in the hippocampus. In the present study, effects of flurothyl-induced status epilepticus were examined in awake and free moving immature (2 weeks old) and adult rats. Without exception, adult rats died of respiratory arrest before the onset of(More)