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Capillary density, fiber cross-sectional area, capillary/fiber ratio and fiber composition were determined in gastrocnemius and diaphragm muscles of laboratory rats following five weeks at 350 Torr ambient pressure. Growth rates of hypoxic rats were lower than normoxic controls, but the periods of sacrifice were adjusted to achieve similar body masses for(More)
TG-69 is a task group report of the AAPM on the use of radiographic film for dosimetry. Radiographic films have been used for radiation dosimetry since the discovery of x-rays and have become an integral part of dose verification for both routine quality assurance and for complex treatments such as soft wedges (dynamic and virtual), intensity modulated(More)
External beam therapy (EBT) GAFCHROMIC film is evaluated for dosimetry and characterization of the CyberKnife radiation beams. Percentage depth doses, lateral beam profiles, and output factors are measured in solid water using EBT GAFCHROMIC film (International Specialty Products, Wayne, NJ) for the 6 MV radiation beams of diameter 5 to 60 mm produced by(More)
For the small radiation field sizes used in stereotactic radiosurgery, lateral electronic disequilibrium and steep dose gradients exist in a large portion of these fields, requiring the use of high-resolution measurement techniques. These relatively large areas of electronic disequilibrium make accurate dosimetry as well as dose calculation more difficult,(More)
PURPOSE To compare dose distributions calculated using the Monte Carlo algorithm (MC) and Ray-Trace algorithm (effective path length method, EPL) for CyberKnife treatments of lung tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS An acceptable treatment plan is created using Multiplan 2.1 and MC dose calculation. Dose is prescribed to the isodose line encompassing 95% of the(More)
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment plan verification is often done using Kodak EDR2 film and a Vidar Dosimetry PRO film digitizer. However, since many hospitals are moving towards a filmless environment, access to a film processor may not be available. Therefore, we have investigated a newly available Gafchromic EBT film for IMRT dosimetry.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a Monte Carlo (MC) treatment planning system for CyberKnife treatments of cranial and extracranial lesions and determine whether it is necessary for all treatment sites. Dose distributions are compared to those calculated with a ray-tracing algorithm. Maximum doses and dose-volume histograms for the target and selected critical(More)
Three independent dose verification methods for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) were evaluated. Planar IMRT dose distributions were delivered to EBT film and scanned with the Epson Expression 1680 flatbed scanner. The measured dose distributions were then compared to those calculated with a Pinnacle treatment planning system. The IMRT(More)
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