Ellen E. Codd

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Tramadol hydrochloride produced dose-related antinociception in mouse abdominal constriction [ED50 = 1.9 (1.2-2.6) mg/kg i.p.], hot-plate [48 degrees C, ED50 = 21.4 (18.4-25.3) mg/kg s.c.; 55 degrees C, ED50 = 33.1 (28.2-39.1) mg/kg s.c.] and tail-flick [ED50 = 22.8 (19.2-30.1) mg/kg s.c.] tests. Tramadol also displayed antinociceptive activity in the rat(More)
Although it is well established that the analgesic effects of morphine are mediated by opioid receptors, previous studies have shown that some opioids additionally inhibit the uptake of serotonin and norepinephrine. The present investigation of a diverse group of opioids revealed that structurally identifiable subgroups inhibited the neuronal reuptake of(More)
The voltage-gated calcium channel is composed of a pore-forming alpha(1) subunit and several regulatory subunits: alpha(2)delta, beta, and gamma. We report here the identification of a novel alpha(2)delta subunit, alpha(2)delta-4, from the expressed sequence tag database followed by its cloning and characterization. The novel alpha(2)delta-4 subunit gene(More)
The explanation for the co-existence of opioid and nonopioid components of tramadol-induced antinociception appears to be related to the different, but complementary and interactive, pharmacologies of its enantiomers. The (+) enantiomer had Ki values of only 1.33, 62.4 and 54.0 microM at mu, delta and kappa receptors, respectively. The (-) enantiomer had(More)
Mu-opioid analgesics are a mainstay in the treatment of acute and chronic pain of multiple origins, but their side effects, such as constipation, respiratory depression, and abuse liability, adversely affect patients. The recent demonstration of the up-regulation and membrane targeting of the delta-opioid receptor (DOR) following inflammation and the(More)
High throughput screening using the recombinant human TRPV1 receptor was used to identify a series of pyridinylpiperazine ureas (3) as TRPV1 vanilloid receptor ligands. Exploration of the structure-activity relationships by parallel synthesis identified the essential pharmacophoric elements for antagonism that permitted further optimization via targeted(More)
The voltage gated sodium channel comprises a pore-forming alpha subunit and regulatory beta subunits. We report here the identification and characterization of a novel splicing variant of the human beta1 subunit, termed beta1B. The 807 bp open reading frame of the human beta1Beta subunit encodes a 268 residue protein with a calculated molecular mass of 30.4(More)
Neuropathic pain results from injury or dysfunction of the central or peripheral nervous system. The treatment of neuropathic pain is challenging, in part because of its multiple etiologies. The present study explores combinations of the analgesic tramadol and each of four anticonvulsants in the treatment of surgically induced (ligation of the L5 spinal(More)
Monoamine neuroleptics alter rodents responses to immunization, suggesting that norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5HT) are neuroimmunomodulatory in these animals. Although endocrine factors participate in their mechanism(s) of action, recent studies suggest that NE and 5HT also interact more directly with immunocompetent cells. This review provides an(More)
Discovered as part of an effort to identify delta opioid (DOPr or DOR) agonist analgesics, JNJ-20788560 and JNJ-39204880 exhibited high DOR affinity, with K(i) values of 1.7 and 2.0nM, respectively, and were selective for DOR over the mu opioid receptor (MOPr or MOR), with 596- and 122-fold selectivity, respectively. Both compounds stimulated DOR but not(More)