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BACKGROUND Lumbar transforaminal epidural injections are commonly utilized to treat radicular pain due to intervertebral disc herniation. OBJECTIVE This study aims to determine if there was a major(More)
OBJECTIVES The primary aim was to evaluate the prevalence of inadvertent intradiscal injection during fluoroscopically guided contrast-enhanced lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify demographic and clinical factors associated with pain improvement after a lumbosacral transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) for the treatment of radicular pain. (More)
OBJECTIVE Pain intensity is commonly rated on an 11-point Numerical Pain Rating Scale which can be expressed as a calculated percentage pain reduction (CPPR), or by patient-reported percentage pain(More)