Ellen C Liebenberg

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STUDY DESIGN An in vivo study of the biologic and biomechanical consequences of static compressive loading on the mouse tail intervertebral disc. OBJECTIVES To determine whether static compression in vivo alters the biologic activity of the disc and leads to diminished biomechanical performance. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Static compressive stress that(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Intervertebral disc cell function in vitro has been linked to features of the local environment that can be related to deformation of the extracellular matrix. Epidemiologic data suggest that certain regimens of spinal loading accelerate disc degeneration in vivo. Yet, the direct association between disc cell function, spinal loading and(More)
We have developed a simple and effective animal model to study the distraction neurogenesis utilizing the sciatic nerve-lengthening technique in rats. The model allows macroscopic, physiological, and histological evaluation of the distraction site. Fourteen adult Harlan Sprague Dawley rats (300-350 g) were used in this study. A 10 mm segment of the right(More)
BACKGROUND An in vivo animal model for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is presented which allows for graded application of pressure to the median nerve within the carpal canal. We hypothesized that such pressure would cause electrophysiologic changes in the median nerve in a dose-related manner, with NCS/EMG changes consistent with CTS in humans. METHODS In(More)
End plates serve as the interface between rigid vertebral bodies and pliant intervertebral disks. Because the lumbar spine carries significant forces and disks don't have a dedicated blood supply, end plates must balance conflicting requirements of being strong to prevent vertebral fracture and porous to facilitate transport between disk cells and vertebral(More)
STUDY DESIGN An in vivo rat model of disc degeneration with emphasis on characterizing acute and chronic cytokine production. OBJECTIVE To compare the morphologic and proinflammatory response between a single and triple-stab injury in attempts to establish mechanisms of chronic disc inflammation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The features that distinguish(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Harnessing the potential of stem cells is an important strategy for regenerative medicine. This study explores the use of bilaminar coculture pellets (BCPs) of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) as a cell-based therapy for intervertebral disc regeneration. Prior in vitro experiments have shown that BCP can(More)
Degenerative mechanisms for the intervertebral disc are unclear, particularly those associated with cumulative trauma. This research focuses on how mechanical loading at levels below those known to cause acute trauma can lead to cellular injury. Mouse-tail discs were subjected to static bending for 1 week, then allowed to recover unloaded for 3 weeks and 3(More)
STUDY DESIGN Surgically denucleated porcine intervertebral discs (IVD) were injected with BIOSTAT BIOLOGX Fibrin Sealant (FS), and the in vivo effects were assessed over time by histological, biochemical, and mechanical criteria. OBJECTIVE The objectives were to test whether the intradiscal injection of FS stimulates disc healing. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND(More)
Modic type I change (MC1) are vertebral bone marrow lesions adjacent to degenerated discs that are specific for discogenic low back pain. The etiopathogenesis is unknown, but occult discitis, in particular with Propionibacteria acnes (P. acnes), has been suggested as a possible etiology. If true, antibiotic therapy should be considered for patients with(More)