Ellen C. Ford

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Two populations of Dane particles were isolated from the plasma of individuals carrying hepatitis B surface antigen. These populations had densities in CsCl of 1.22 and 1.20 g/ml. Endogenous DNA polymerase activity was found to be associated only with the heavier of these two populations. Using a positive stain, electron microscopic examination of these(More)
delta agent of human origin was inoculated into four woodchucks chronically infected with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV). The animals developed delta infections with serologic patterns similar to those previously observed in human and chimpanzee infections. delta antigen was detected transiently in serum and liver and was followed by seroconversion to(More)
The woodchuck hepatitis virus is a naturally occurring hepatitis B-like virus that infects the eastern woodchuck. Direct immunofluorescence staining for woodchuck hepatitis virus core antigen in liver biopsies demonstrated the presence of this antigen in 14 of 17 chronically infected woodchucks, and in 8 of 10 woodchucks undergoing acute infections.(More)
Australia antigen exists in the sera of chronic carriers in several particulate forms, one of which may represent the virion of hepatitis B. This report describes the existence of subpopulations of these 43-nm particles, the Dane particles, on the basis of the staining properties of their internal cores and banding characteristics in cesium chloride (CsCl)(More)
Solid-phase radioimmunoassays for woodchuck hepatitis virus core antigen (WHcAg) and antibody (anti-WHc) were developed. WHcAg in woodchuck liver homogenates was characterized by ultracentrifugation in CsCl gradients; both heavy (1.35 g/cm3) and light (1.31 g/cm3) cores were obtained from the liver of an animal during acute WHV infection, which is(More)
The size of the hepatitis delta virus was determined by filtration of infectious plasma through polycarbonate membranes and the inoculation of filtrates into chimpanzees. Chimpanzees inoculated with filtrates of 50 nm and 30 nm, but not 15 nm filters, developed delta hepatitis. The minimum size of infectious hepatitis delta virus was estimated to be(More)
The hepatitis B virus-associated delta antigen was detected in the serum of a young female drug addict with acute hepatitis and a previous history of hepatitis B surface antigen carrier. Delta antigen was associated with a 35- to 37-nm subpopulation of hepatitis B surface antigen particles which banded at a density of 1.25 gm per cm3 of CsCl and contained a(More)
Monoclonal antibodies to human respiratory syncytial (RS) virus-specific antigens can be obtained without preliminary recourse to large-scale culture and purification of the virion. Lytically infected human and persistently infected murine cultured cells expressing RS virus-specific cell surface and cytoplasmic antigens were substituted as priming(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is essential for memory processes. The present study tested whether proteolytic cleavage of proBDNF into mature BDNF (mBDNF) within the basolateral amygdala (BLA) regulates the consolidation of defeat-related memories. We found that acute social defeat increases the expression of mBDNF, but not proBDNF, in the(More)