Ellen Berggreen

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Cytokines act as chemical mediators during the inflammatory process. Measurements of cytokine levels in tissue have previously been performed in homogenized tissue, but the true concentrations in native interstitial fluid (ISF), i.e., the compartment where cytokines exert their biologically active role, have remained unknown. The role of skeletal muscle(More)
The composition and characteristics of the bone marrow extracellular fluid supposedly modify the transport of cytokines, drugs, and other signaling molecules involved in the regulation of bone marrow function. Direct access to the bone marrow extracellular fluid surrounding hematopoietic cells is complicated by the virtually noncompliant surrounding bone(More)
The control of pain perception is a challenge in clinical dentistry, most prominent during tooth pulp inflammation. The tooth pulp is a well-defined target, and is densely supplied by a sensory trigeminal innervation. Opioids are signaling molecules that are suggested to participate in pain perception. Here we analysed the presence of delta opioid receptor(More)
The submandibular gland transports fluid at a high rate through the interstitial space during salivation, but the exact level of all forces governing transcapillary fluid transport has not been established. In this study, our aim was to measure the relation between interstitial fluid volume (V(i)) and interstitial fluid pressure (P(if)) in salivary glands(More)
IL-17 is a pleiotropic cytokine produced by Th17 T cells that induces a myriad of proinflammatory mediators. However, different models of inflammation report opposite functional roles of IL-17 signal in terms of its effects on bone destruction. In this study we determined the role of IL-17RA signal in bone resorption stimulated by dentoalveolar infections.(More)
OBJECTIVES Apical periodontitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by bone resorption, and sympathetic nerves are known to modulate bone resorption and bone remodeling. Higher numbers of osteoclasts and larger periapical lesions have been observed after sympathectomy in rats, but the mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of sympathetic nerves on(More)
The volume and fluid pressure characteristics of the intact bone marrow is incompletely understood. We used microspheres and lipoproteins for measurements of intravascular volume (IVV) and EDTA for interstitial fluid volume (IFV) within the rat bone marrow. Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) was determined with micropipettes connected to a servo-controlled(More)
INTRODUCTION Decreased vascular responses to salivary gland stimulation are observed in Sjögren's syndrome patients. We investigate whether impaired vascular responses to parasympathetic stimulation and muscarinic receptor activation in salivary glands parallels hyposalivation in an experimental model for Sjögren's syndrome. METHODS Blood flow responses(More)
Few studies have focused on the bacterial species associated with the deterioration of the dental and gingival health of children with congenital heart defects (CHD). The aims of this study were (1) to examine the dental plaque of children with CHD in order to quantify bacterial load and altered bacterial composition compared with children without CHD; and(More)
BACKGROUND In apical periodontitis, oral pathogens provoke an inflammatory response in the apical area that induces bone resorptive lesions. In inflammation, angio- and lymphangiogenesis take place. Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and their receptors (VEGFRs) are key players in these processes and are expressed in immune cells and endothelial(More)