Ellen Berggreen

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Cytokines act as chemical mediators during the inflammatory process. Measurements of cytokine levels in tissue have previously been performed in homogenized tissue, but the true concentrations in native interstitial fluid (ISF), i.e., the compartment where cytokines exert their biologically active role, have remained unknown. The role of skeletal muscle(More)
Tissue pressure is the hydrostatic pressure in the interstitial fluid which surrounds the pulpal cells. This pressure outside the vessels is normally considerably lower than the blood pressure inside the vessels. The dental pulp has a relatively low interstitial compliance due to its enclosure between rigid dentin walls. Accordingly, even a modest increase(More)
In a previous study, it was concluded that the neuropeptides calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P are released during resting conditions in the (exposed) ferret dental pulp, contributing to a basal vasodilator tone in the pulpal vessels. In order to exclude the possibility that the method used elicited axon reflexes, which might be(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the chronologic disease course and possible interrelationships between salivary gland inflammation, hyposalivation, and cytokine levels in NOD mice, a model for Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS NOD mice of different ages were used to mimic different disease stages of SS. Histopathologic findings and rates of salivary secretion(More)
The gingiva is frequently challenged by oral bacterial products leading to inflammatory responses such as increased fluid filtration and edema formation. The role of initial lymphatics for transcapillary fluid balance in the gingiva is unknown and was therefore investigated in genetically engineered K14-VEGF receptor 3-Ig (K14) lymphedema mice. The mutant(More)
IL-17 is a pleiotropic cytokine produced by Th17 T cells that induces a myriad of proinflammatory mediators. However, different models of inflammation report opposite functional roles of IL-17 signal in terms of its effects on bone destruction. In this study we determined the role of IL-17RA signal in bone resorption stimulated by dentoalveolar infections.(More)
Periodontitis is characterized by tissue destruction and bone loss mainly due to inflammatory responses after bacterial challenge of the gingiva. Gingiva is supplied with lymphatics that drain interstitial fluid and transport immune cells to the lymph nodes for antigen presentation; yet, the role of lymphatics in periodontal disease development is unknown.(More)
The objective of this study is to assess the presence of plaque, gingivitis, and caries in a group of Sudanese children with congenital heart defects CHDs (cases) and compare them to children without CHDs (controls). This analytical cross-sectional study included cases (N = 111, with a mean age of 7.2 ± 3.0 years) and controls (N = 182, with a mean age of(More)
Studies have shown that the sensory nerves participate in inflammation and immune responses and possess trophic-facilitating wound healing in general. Tooth avulsion represents a pulpal and periodontal injury, and the mechanisms involved in the healing responses subsequent to replantation of teeth are still unclear. The objective of this study was to(More)
Recent evidence suggests interactions between primary afferent nociceptors and postganglionic sympathetic efferents in the pathogenesis of inflammation. The effect of unilateral removal of the superior cervical ganglion on the innervation pattern of nerve fibers immunoreactive (IR) to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), and(More)