Ellappan Babu

Learn More
Hyperuricemia is a significant factor in a variety of diseases, including gout and cardiovascular diseases. Although renal excretion largely determines plasma urate concentration, the molecular mechanism of renal urate handling remains elusive. Previously, we identified a major urate reabsorptive transporter, URAT1 (SLC22A12), on the apical side of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of ochratoxin A (OTA) transport by multispecific human organic anion transporter 4 (hOAT4) using mouse proximal tubule cells stably transfected with hOAT4 (S(2) hOAT4). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that hOAT4 protein was localized to the apical side of the proximal tubule. S(2) hOAT4(More)
Hartnup disorder, an autosomal recessive defect named after an English family described in 1956 (ref. 1), results from impaired transport of neutral amino acids across epithelial cells in renal proximal tubules and intestinal mucosa. Symptoms include transient manifestations of pellagra (rashes), cerebellar ataxia and psychosis. Using homozygosity mapping(More)
The tubular secretion of diuretics in the proximal tubule has been shown to be critical for the action of drugs. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms for the tubular excretion of diuretics, we have elucidated the interactions of human organic anion transporters (hOATs) with diuretics using cells stably expressing hOATs. Diuretics tested were thiazides,(More)
Tumor cells have an increased demand for amino acids because of their rapid proliferation rate. In addition to their need in protein synthesis, several amino acids have other roles in supporting cancer growth. There are approximately two-dozen amino acid transporters in humans, and tumor cells must upregulate one or more of these transporters to satisfy(More)
A cDNA that encodes a novel Na+-independent neutral amino acid transporter was isolated from FLC4 human hepatocarcinoma cells by expression cloning. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, the encoded protein designated LAT3 (L-type amino acid transporter 3) transported neutral amino acids such as l-leucine, l-isoleucine, l-valine, and l-phenylalanine. The(More)
Cephalosporin antibiotics are thought to be excreted into the urine via organic anion transporters (OATs). The purpose of this study was to elucidate the interaction of human-OATs with various cephalosporin antibiotics, using proximal tubule cells stably expressing human-OAT1, human-OAT3 and human-OAT4. Human-OAT1 and human-OAT3 are localized to the(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanism for renal tetracycline transport by human organic anion transporters (hOATs) using proximal tubular cells stably expressing hOATs. The cells stably expressing hOAT1, hOAT2, hOAT3 and hOAT4 exhibited a higher amount of [3H]tetracycline uptake compared with mock cells. The apparent Km values(More)
Cephalosporin antibiotics are thought to be excreted into the urine via organic anion transporters (OATs) and OAT can mediate nephrotoxicity by cephalosporins, particularly by cephaloridine. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the interaction of human-OAT2 and rat-OAT2 with cephalosporin antibiotics using proximal tubule cells stably expressing(More)
There has been growing interest among the public and scientists in dichloroacetate (DCA) as a potential anticancer drug. Credible evidence exists for the antitumor activity of this compound, but high concentrations are needed for significant therapeutic effect. Unfortunately, these high concentrations produce detrimental side effects involving the nervous(More)